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Ledarbeteenden och ledaregenskaper hos manligarespektive kvinnliga fotbollslag: Observationer av ledarbeteenden hos fotbollstränare samtenkätstudie om ledarbeteenden och ledaregenskaper somfotbollsspelare uppskattar
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Leadership behaviors and leadership characteristics in male andfemale football teams (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Syftet är att undersöka uppskattade ledarbeteenden och ledaregenskaper hos manliga respektive kvinnliga fotbollsspelare, samt observera ledarbeteenden hos tränare för manliga respektive kvinnliga fotbollslag.

Metod

Studien utgick från mixed methods. Metoden bestod av enkäter som fotbollsspelare besvarade genom rangordning av tio ledarbeteenden och tio ledaregenskaper och öppna frågor med motivering. Observationer utfördes på fem huvudtränare med hjälp av Arizona State Observation Instrument (ASOI) samt övriga anteckningar.

Resultat

Ärlig och Ställa krav var mest uppskattade ledarbeteenden hos herrlagen. Engagerande och Rättvis var herrlagens mest uppskattade ledaregenskaper. Socialt stöd samt Lugn var herrlagens minst uppskattade ledarbeteenden. Tidigare erfarenhet och Medvetet jobba skadeförebyggande var herrlagens minst uppskattade ledaregenskaper. Feedback, Instruerande och Positiv och social var damlagens mest uppskattade ledarbeteenden. Engagerande, Förmåga att lära ut och Utveckla spelare för att ta nästa steg var damlagens mest uppskattade ledaregenskaper. Socialt stöd och Öppen med känslor var damlagens minst uppskattade ledarbeteenden. Emotionell intelligens och Tidigare erfarenhet var damlagens minst uppskattade ledaregenskaper. ”Feedback under övning utan paus” samt ”Verbala ord, få dem att göra / jobba bättre” var de mest frekventa ledarbeteenden som observerades hos herrlagen. ”Feedback under övning utan paus” samt ”Beröm” var de ledarbeteenden som observerade sig hos de kvinnliga lagens huvudtränare. Från övriga anteckningar framgick många skillnader på ledarbeteenden mellan herr och damlagen.

Slutsatser

Studiens slutsats visar att herrlagen rangordnar en målinriktade ledare högst till skillnad från damlagen som uppskattar en blandning av målinriktade ledare och relationsinriktade ledare. Likheter och skillnader framgick mellan herr / damlagen om vilka ledarbeteenden och ledaregenskaper som uppskattades mest / minst. Herrlagens och damlagens huvudtränare visade ganska stora skillnader mellan varandra. Ytterligare studier med större urval skulle ge större möjligheter att dra mer generella slutsatser.

Abstract [en]

Purpose

The aims of this study where to investigate appreciated leadership behaviors and leadership characteristics at male and female football players and observe leadership behaviors at coaches in male and female football teams.

Methods

The study emanated from mixed methods. The method consisted of surveys that football players participated in through the ranking of ten leadership behaviors and ten leadership characteristics and open questions to motivate. Observations were performed at five football coaches by using the Arizona State Observation Instrument (ASOI) and other notes.

Results

Honest and Instructing where the most appreciated leadership behavior at the men’s teams. Engaging and Fair was the most appreciated leadership characteristic at the men’s teams. Social support as well as Calm was the least appreciated leadership behavior at the men’s teams. Previous experiences and Conscious work injury prevention was the least appreciated leadership characteristic at the men’s teams. Feedback, Instructing and Positive and social was the most appreciated leadership behavior at the ladies’ teams. Engaging, Ability to teach and Developing players for next step was the most appreciated leadership characteristic at the ladies’ teams. Social support and Open with feelings was the least appreciated leadership behavior at the ladies’ teams. Emotional intelligence and Previous experience was where the least appreciated leadership characteristic at the ladies’ teams. Feedback during exercise without breaks and Verbal words, make them do / work better, was the most observant leadership behaviors of the coaches from the men’s teams. Feedback during exercise without breaks and Praise was the leadership behavior who were observed at the female team’s head coaches. Other notes showed big differences in leadership behaviors between the men’s and the ladies’ teams head coaches.

Conclusions

The study’s conclusions showed that the men’s teams estimate more goal orientated leaders while the women’s teams appreciated a mix of goal orientated leaders and relationship orientated leaders. Similarities and differences where observed between the men and women’s teams on which leadership behavior and leadership characteristic where most / least appreciated. The main coach of the men and the women showed quite big differences between

each other. Further studies with larger selection would give greater opportunities to draw more general conclusions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [sv]
Ledarbeteenden, Ledaregenskaper
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-28144OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-28144DiVA, id: diva2:1231913
Available from: 2018-07-10 Created: 2018-07-10

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