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Skador inom svensk judo: Skadade strukturer, skadefrekvens, köns- och åldersskillnader.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Judo är en komplex sport som ställer stora krav på judokas, detta medför att det finns en skaderisk inom idrotten.

Syftet med studien är att analysera hur manliga och kvinnliga judokas upplever skador och skademekanism inom svensk judo. Detta genomfördes genom att en enkät lades ut på en judo-grupp på Facebook.com. Tidigare insamlade data och data från Provins Insurance AB användes.

Flest skador sker på träning och oftast under tachi waza och främst tachi waza randori. Achi waza var den skademekanism som orsakade flest skador för kvinnor och för män var det achi waza och te waza.

De mest skadedrabbade teknikerna var O soto gari som orsakade ligamentskador i knäet, och Seoi nage som orsakade olika sorters skador.

På tävling var te waza den vanligaste skademekanismen för både män och kvinnor. Kastteknikerna var Seoi nae och Tai otoshi.

Med denna studies resultat, tidigare data och statistik från Provins Insurance AB i kombination med tidigare studier går det att till viss del dra slutsatser om vilka skador som är de mest frekventa inom judo och hur dem uppstår. Det går även att dra slutsatser över hur deltagarna påverkades i vardagslivet efter skadan. Detta kan ge en inblick om vilka skador som idrottsrörelsen bör lägga fokus på att försöka motverka.

Abstract [en]

Judo is a complex sport that places great demands on the judoka, which means there is a risk for injuries in judo.

The aim of this study is to analyze how male and female judokas experience injuries and mechanisms where injuries appear in Swedish judo. This was done by publishing a survey on a judo group on Facebook.com. Previously collected data and data from Provins Insurance AB was used.

Most injuries happened during exercise and usually under tachi waza and mainly tachi waza randori. Achi waza was the mechanism that caused the most injuries to women and for men it was achi waza and te waza.

The technics that caused the most injuries were O soto gari, which caused ligament damage in the knee, and Seoi Nage caused various types of injuries.

On competition the most common mechanism for injuries for both men and women was te waza. The technics were Seoi nage and Tai Otoshi.

With this study results, previous data and statistics from Provins Insurance AB in combination with previous studies, some conclusions can be reached on the most frequent injuries and how they occur. It is also possible to draw conclusions about how participants were affected in their daily life after the injury.

This can provide an insight as to what injuries the sports movement should focus on trying to counteract.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
judo, judoka, swedish judo, injuries, sportinjuries, cause of injury
Keywords [sv]
judo, judoka, svensk judo, skador, idrottsskador, skademekanism
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-28142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-28142DiVA, id: diva2:1231791
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-07-13

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