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IFRS 16: Standardens effekter på de finansiella rapporterna och kreditgivares bedömningar
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
IFRS 16 : The standard’s effects on the financial reports and the creditors’ assessments (English)
Abstract [sv]

Leasing har generellt sett varit en attraktiv finansieringsmetod för företag att erhålla de tillgångar som krävs för att kunna konkurrera inom sin bransch. Med IAS 17 kan leasingavtal klassificeras som antingen finansiella eller operationella vilket påverkar hur företagen redovisar sina leasingavtal. Operationell leasing har skapat möjligheter för företag att hålla sin finansiering utanför balansräkningarna och därmed dold för företagens externa intressenter. Företagen har på så vis kunnat visa en bättre bild av deras finansiella ställning samt prestation. Denna problematik försöker nu International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) åtgärda genom att införa den nya redovisningsstandarden IFRS 16. Denna nya redovisningsstandard leder till att alla börsnoterade bolag nu tvingas redovisa alla sina leasingavtal som finansiella vilket innebär att de blir kapitaliserade i företagens finansiella rapporter.

Syftet med denna studie är att förklara IFRS 16 och de effekter en kapitalisering av operationella leasingavtal kan ha på ett företags finansiella rapporter samt nyckeltal. Utöver detta vill vi skapa en förståelse för hur denna förändring kan påverka kreditgivares bedömningar av de finansiella rapporterna utifrån egenskaperna i IASBs konceptuella föreställningsram.

Vi har med hjälp av en kapitalisering fört in ett företags operationella leasingavtal i deras resultat- och balansräkning och därefter studerat effekterna på de finansiella nyckeltalen. Detta material har därefter använts vid intervjuer med olika kreditgivare.

Resultatet av vår studie visar att de finansiella rapporterna samt nyckeltalen påverkas vid en övergång till IFRS 16. En annan slutsats av vår studie är att kreditgivare får en mer rättvisande bild av företagets finansiella ställning samt att jämförbarheten ökar vid en kapitalisering av de operationella leasingavtalen.

Abstract [en]

Leasing has generally been an attractive financing method for companies to obtain the assets required to compete in its industry. With IAS 17, leases can be classified as either financial or operating leases, which affects how companies report their leases. Operating leases has created opportunities for companies to keep their financing outside their balance sheets and thus hidden from the companies’ external stakeholders. The companies have thus been able to show a better picture of their financial position and performance. International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) now seeks to resolve this issue by introducing a new accounting standard called the IFRS 16. This new accounting standard means that all listed companies now have to report all their leasing contracts as financial, which means they are capitalized in the company's financial reports.

The purpose of this study is to explain IFRS 16 and the effects a capitalization of operating leases can have on a company's financial reports and key ratios. In addition, we want to create an understanding of how this change can affect creditors' assessments of financial reports based on the features of the IASB Conceptual Framework.

With the help of a capitalization, we have entered a company's operating leases in their income statement and balance sheet and subsequently studied the effects on the key financial ratios. This material has then been used in interviews with different creditors.

The results of our study show that the financial statements and key ratios are affected by a transition to IFRS 16. Another conclusion of our study is that creditors get a more faithful representation of the company's financial position and that the comparability increases when a company’s operating leases are capitalized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 51
Keywords [en]
IFRS 16, IAS 17, Operating leases, Capitalization, Creditors
Keywords [sv]
IFRS 16, IAS 17, Operationell leasing, Kapitalisering, Kreditgivare
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68519OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-68519DiVA, id: diva2:1231617
Subject / course
Business Administration
Educational program
Programme in Business and Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-07-09Bibliographically approved

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