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Integrated Model of Innovative Competence
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6920-0428
2017 (English)In: Journal of Creativity and Business Innovation, ISSN 2351-6186, Vol. 3, p. 140-169Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This conceptual article contributes to understanding of individual innovative competence by providing a comprehensive view of the concept, integrating different theories from innovation management into one model and linking it to the theory from studies of competence, where Illeris (2013) competence model is taken as the base. The contribution of this article is to fill the gap in existing innovation management theory where most researchers focus only on specific dimensions of innovative competence. The proposed integrated model of innovative competence was developed based on a systematic literature review, using the ISI Web of Knowledge database for Social Science domain between 1980-2016, and different combinations of words “individual” and “innovation” with terms “competence”, “behavior”, “skill”, “attitude” and “trait”, as search words. It shows how individuals need to combine different knowledge, personality traits, functional and interactive skills to demonstrate innovative behavior in practice. There is a certain ambidexterity or two-sidedness in the elements of innovative competence that enables individual to move between exploration of opportunities and generation of ideas on one hand, and implementation and exploitation of ideas on the other. The model can be used in different ways, both in teaching and in organizations. Teachers can use it as a reflection tool to increase understanding of innovative competence among students, but also as the basis for developing practice-based curriculum for strengthening innovative competence among students. Organizations can use the model both as a support in recruiting innovative talent, assessing and developing innovation as a core competence among employees, and when forming innovative teams. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 3, p. 140-169
Keywords [en]
Innovative competence, innovative behavior, innovation skills, integrated model, systematic literature review
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-40209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-40209DiVA, id: diva2:1231524
Available from: 2018-07-07 Created: 2018-07-07 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Choreographing innovative practice in everyday work
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Choreographing innovative practice in everyday work
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis argues for a humanistic and democratic approach to innovation management that puts employees and their engagement in the center of organizational efforts for innovation. It proposes that a culture for innovation can be built by enabling all employees to develop their innovative practice as part of their everyday work and not as an extra activity on top of their existing responsibilities. The aim of this approach to innovation is to build more human-centered organizations that help employees improve their own motivation, creativity, well-being, and self-fulfillment at work. This presupposes that they need to be able to connect with their body, feelings, fantasy, intuition, and will, and to be able to innovate more from within, balancing external expectations from management and users with their own personal needs. Since there is a lack of discussing embodied aspects of knowledge and learning in connection to innovative competence in the current innovation management literature, knowledge and methods from contemporary dance and choreography are explored to support a more holistic approach to innovative competence development. Based on integrating research from both innovation management and contemporary dance fields, a model of innovative practice in everyday work is developed. The model suggests what kind of skills and activities can enable employees develop their personal innovative practice that is adjusted to their work context and their specific needs. It is proposed that as employees practice innovating in everyday work, they will slowly move from innovating incrementally towards developing the competence for more radical innovation. Different practical tools and exercises for enabling innovative competence development that were inspired by choreographic practices, and adjusted and tested in organizational context are described. Ideas around how contemporary dance and choreography can be used to design and implement long-term art-based interventions in organizations that can create value on strategic level are proposed.  The research approach used in the thesis is participatory action research done by several iterative cycles between practice and theory. Two empirical and two theoretical studies that were part of the research process are presented. The empirical studies were implemented in the Eskilstuna municipality and at the Art of Management and Organization conference. The theoretical studies were performed in the fields of innovative competence and contemporary dance and choreography. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Eskilstuna: Mälardalen University Press, 2018
Series
Mälardalen University Press Dissertations, ISSN 1651-4238 ; 271
Keywords
innovative competence, Competence development, Innovation, Contemporary dance, Choreography
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-40211 (URN)978-91-7485-398-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-10-22, Filen, IDT, Smedjegatan 37, Eskilstuna, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-07-09Bibliographically approved

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