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"Religionen, hejdå! Ateism, välkommen!": Nyanlända elevers självpositionering och upplevelser av religionskunskapsundervisningen i Sverige
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"Religion, goodbye! Atheism, welcome!" : The religious self positioning and experience of RE in Sweden among recently immigrated pupils (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur nyanlända elever ser på religion utifrån två teman. Det första behandlar hur dessa elever positionerar sig till religiösa traditioner, samt på vilka sätt dessa positioner kan ha förändrats i diaspora. Det andra temat behandlar hur de nyanlända eleverna upplever religionskunskapsundervisningen i Sverige. Studiens resultat är baserat på kvalitativa intervjuer med sex nyanlända elever och deras lärare i religionskunskap. Intervjuerna har analyserats utifrån kritisk diskursanalys och ett postkolonialt perspektiv.

Studiens resultat på det första temat visar hur de flesta av eleverna inte ser sig som religiösa, utan benämner sig som troende, och deras religionsutövning präglas av en stor variation. Av de sex eleverna kommer fem från en muslimsk bakgrund, och hos flera av de fem finns ett språk som tyder på stereotypisering av muslimer. Samtliga muslimska elever beskriver en förändring av tro och minskad praktik som ett led av att befinna sig i diaspora. Resultatet av det andra temat visar hur elevernas upplevelser av religionskunskapsundervisningen i Sverige generellt sett är positiv, men en elev har en negativ bild av undervisningen och menar att undervisningen leder till ateism. Undervisningen och läromedel upplevs som bra eller neutrala på att skildra islam, vilket inte stämmer överens med tidigare forskning, samtidigt som några av de muslimska eleverna anmärker på felaktigheter.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore how recently immigrated pupils perceive religion based on two themes. The first theme deals with how these students position themselves in regard to religious traditions, and how these positions might have changed in the diaspora. The second theme deals with how the pupils experience Religious Education (RE) in Sweden. The results are based on semi-structured interviews with six recently immigrated pupils and their RE teacher. Critical discourse analysis and postcolonialism are used as theoretical and analytical approaches.

The findings on the first theme indicate that most of the pupils do not see themselves as religious, and instead refer to themselves as believers, and their religious practice is characterised by a large variation. Five of the six pupils come from a muslim background, and the language these pupils use show signs of stereotyping muslims. All the muslim pupils describe a change in belief and a decrease in practice as a result of being in diaspora. The findings on the second theme indicate that the pupils generally have a positive experience of their RE in Sweden. One pupil had a negative view of the education, which was seen as a leading factor in becoming an atheist. The teaching and study materials used in the classroom were perceived as good or neutral in their depiction of islam, which does not match the findings of previous research, although some of the muslim pupils remarked on a few inaccuracies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 70
Keywords [en]
RE, non-confessional religious education, pupils, representation, immigration, religious discourse, critical discourse analysis, secularism, diaspora, postcolonialism, Sweden, Islam in Sweden, muslim identity
Keywords [sv]
religionskunskap, icke-konfessionell religionskunskapsundervisning, elever, representation, immigration, nyanlända, religiös diskurs, kritisk diskursanalys, sekularisering, diaspora, postkolonialism, Sverige, islam i Sverige, muslimsk identitet
National Category
Religious Studies Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37517OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-37517DiVA, id: diva2:1231505
Subject / course
Religion
Educational program
Subject Teacher Education for Secondary School
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-12 Created: 2018-07-06 Last updated: 2018-07-12Bibliographically approved

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