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Evaluation of mechanical and microstructural properties for laser powder-bed fusion 316L
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis work was done to get a fundamental knowledge of the mechanical and microstructural properties of 316L stainless steel fabricated with the additive manufacturing technique, laser powder-bed fusion (L-PBF). The aims of the thesis were to study the mechanical and microstructural properties in two different building orientations for samples built in two different machines, and to summarize mechanical data from previous research on additive manufactured 316L.

Additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D-printing, is a manufacturing technique that in recent years has been adopted by the industry due to the complexity of parts that can be built and the wide range of materials that can be used. This have made it important to understand the behaviour and properties of the material, since the material differs from conventionally produced material. This also adds to 316L, which is an austenitic stainless steel used in corrosive environments.

To study the effect of the building orientation, samples of 316L were built in different orientations on the build plate. The density and amount of pores were also measured. Tensile testing and Charpy-V testing were made at room temperature. Vickers hardness was also measured. Microstructure and fracture surfaces were examined using light optical microscope (LOM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM).

The microstructure of the 316L made with L-PBF was found to have meltpools with coarser grains inside them, sometime spanning over several meltpools. Inside these coarser grains was a finer cellular/columnar sub-grain structure. The tensile properties were found to be anisotropic with higher strength values in the orientation perpendicular to the building direction. Also high dense samples had higher tensile properties than low dense samples. The impact toughness was found to be influenced negatively by high porosity. Hardness was similar in different orientations, but lower for less dense samples. Defects due to lack of fusing of particles were found on both the microstructure sample surfaces and fracture surfaces. The values from this study compare well with previous reported research findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 46
Series
UPTEC Q, ISSN 1401-5773 ; 18021
Keywords [en]
Additive Manufacturing, Laser Powder-Bed Fusion, L-PBF, 316L, Mechanical Properties
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355882OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-355882DiVA, id: diva2:1231504
External cooperation
Sandvik Additive Manufacturing
Educational program
Master Programme in Materials Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-07-06 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved

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