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Daglig verksamhet, en viktig insats för folkhälsan: En kvalitativ studie bland personer med funktionsnedsättning
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"Daily activity, an important insert to public health” : A qualitative study among people with disabilities (English)
Abstract [sv]

Personer med en funktionsnedsättning har generellt sett en sämre hälsa än den genomsnittliga befolkningen på grund av riskfaktorer kopplade till levnadsvillkoren. En viktig faktor när det gäller målområdena inflytande och delaktighet samt Hälsa i arbetslivet är att skapa inkluderande miljöer där det finns goda möjligheter till bättre hälsa och ökad självkänsla. Tidigare studier visar på positiva effekter av en daglig sysselsättning vilket minskar riskerna för marginalisering och utanförskap. Umgänget med hästar har även det dokumenterat positiv effekt på personer med funktionsnedsättningar. Syftet med studien var att belysa deltagarnas beskrivningar av den dagliga verksamheten Hälsa med hästkraft och deras hälsoutveckling, där funktionsnedsatta dagligen arbetar i naturen med hästskötsel och ridning. Projektet startades i Örkelljunga kommun 2012 för att ge deltagarna en meningsfull sysselsättning och möjlighet att arbeta mer fysisk än en traditionell daglig verksamhet ofta kan erbjuda. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av fokusgruppsintervjuer med sex av deltagarna och två personal samt en individuell intervju med projektledaren som arbetar där. Resultatet visade att samtliga deltagrare genomgått förbättringar hälsomässigt sett, både fysiskt och psykiskt sedan de började på Hälsa med hästkraft dagliga verksamhet. Deltagrarna ser sina nuvarande arbetsuppgifter som betydelsefulla och givande samt trivs med både sina arbetskamrater och personal.

Abstract [en]

People with disabilities generally have a lower health status than the average population, this due to risk factors related to their living conditions. An important factor when it comes to the objectives "Influence and Participation" and "Health in working life",  is to create an open and including enviroment with good possibilities to influence one`s situation. To be a part of a bigger context where works is put on fokus, increases the possibilities to achieve better helth and self-esteem. Having a daily occupation has in previous studies shown to have a positive effect. This in turn decreases the risk of alienation and marginalization. Interaction with horses has also shown to have a positive effect on people with disabilities. The aim of this study was to ilustrate the participants descriptions of the daily activities " Health with horsepower" and their health development, where people with disabilities work in nature daily with taking care of the horses and horseback riding. The project was started 2012 in  Örkelljunga municipality with the purpose of givng the participants a meaningful occupation and posssibility to work more physically than in a traditional daily work. The study was based on focus group interviews performed by six of the projekt members and two staff, as well an individual interview with one of the staff working there. The results have shown that all participants of the study, has since they quit their ordinary daily occupation, improved their health both physically and mentally. The participants now view their current work-tasks as meaningful and rewardind, and they thrive with both their colleagues and staff- members.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
daily occupation, disability, health, horses, participation
Keywords [sv]
daglig verksamhet, delaktighet, funktionsnedsättning, hälsa, hästar
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18356OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-18356DiVA, id: diva2:1231431
Educational program
Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education
Presentation
, Malmö (Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-10 Created: 2018-07-06 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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