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Validation guidelines for PCR workflows in bioterrorism preparedness, food safety and forensics
Swedish National Forensic Centre, Sweden ; Lund University, Sweden.
National Food Agency, Sweden.
Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
National Veterinary Institute, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2018 (English)In: Accreditation and Quality Assurance, ISSN 0949-1775, E-ISSN 1432-0517, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 133-144Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the backbone of contemporary DNA/RNA analysis, ideally enabling detection of one or just a few target molecules. However, when analysing food or forensic samples the analytical procedure is often challenged by low amounts of poor quality template molecules and complex matrices. Applying optimised and validated methods in all steps of the analysis workflow, i.e. sampling, sample treatment, DNA/RNA extraction and PCR (including reverse transcription for RNA analysis), is thus necessary to ensure the reliability of analysis. In this paper, we describe how in-house validation can be performed for the different modules of the diagnostic PCR process, providing practical examples as tools for laboratories in their planning of validation studies. The focus is analysis of heterogeneous samples with interfering matrices, with relevance in food testing, forensic DNA analysis, bioterrorism preparedness and veterinary medicine. Our objective is to enable rational in-house validation for reliable and swift quality assurance when results are urgent, for example in the event of a crisis such as a foodborne outbreak or a crime requiring the analysis of a large number of diverse samples. To that end, we explain the performance characteristics associated with method validation from a PCR and biological sample matrix perspective and suggest which characteristics to investigate depending on the type of method to be validated. Also, we include a modular approach to validation within the PCR workflow, aiming at efficient validation and a flexible use of methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 23, no 3, p. 133-144
Keywords [en]
Digital PCR, Forensic DNA analysis, ISO/IEC 17025, Pre-PCR processing, qPCR, Quality assurance, Validation
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33970DOI: 10.1007/s00769-018-1319-7Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85048025575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33970DiVA, id: diva2:1230387
Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved

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