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Effect of sigma phase morphology on the degradation of properties in a super duplex stainless steel
University West, Sweden ; Innovatum AB, Sweden.
University West, Sweden.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea KIMAB. University West, Sweden.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea KIMAB.
2018 (English)In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 11, no 6, article id 933Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sigma phase is commonly considered to be the most deleterious secondary phase precipitating in duplex stainless steels, as it results in an extreme reduction of corrosion resistance and toughness. Previous studies have mainly focused on the kinetics of sigma phase precipitation and influences on properties and only a few works have studied the morphology of sigma phase and its influences on material properties. Therefore, the influence of sigma phase morphology on the degradation of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of 2507 super duplex stainless steel (SDSS) was studied after 10 h of arc heat treatment using optical and scanning electron microscopy, electron backscattered diffraction analysis, corrosion testing, and thermodynamic calculations. A stationary arc was applied on the 2507 SDSS disc mounted on a water-cooled chamber, producing a steady-state temperature gradient covering the entire temperature range from room temperature to the melting point. Sigma phase was the major intermetallic precipitating between 630 °C and 1010 °C and its morphology changed from blocky to fine coral-shaped with decreasing aging temperature. At the same time, the average thickness of the precipitates decreased from 2.9 μm to 0.5 μm. The chemical composition of sigma was similar to that predicted by thermodynamic calculations when formed at 800-900 °C, but deviated at higher and lower temperatures. The formation of blocky sigma phase introduced local strain in the bulk of the primary austenite grains. However, the local strain was most pronounced in the secondary austenite grains next to the coral-shaped sigma phase precipitating at lower temperatures. Microstructures with blocky and coral-shaped sigma phase particles were prone to develop microscale cracks and local corrosion, respectively. Local corrosion occurred primarily in ferrite and in secondary austenite, which was predicted by thermodynamic calculations to have a low pitting resistance equivalent. To conclude, the influence of sigma phase morphology on the degradation of properties was summarized in two diagrams as functions of the level of static load and the severity of the corrosive environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 11, no 6, article id 933
Keywords [en]
Duplex stainless steel, Microscopy, Thermodynamic calculations, Austenite, Corrosion resistance, Heat resistance, Localized corrosion, Microscopic examination, Morphology, Scanning electron microscopy, Stainless steel, Steel testing, Temperature, Chemical compositions, Electron backscattered diffraction analysis, Sigma-phase precipitation, Steady-state temperature, Super duplex stainless steel, Water-cooled chambers, Steel corrosion
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33980DOI: 10.3390/ma11060933Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85047834414OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33980DiVA, id: diva2:1230356
Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2018-08-08Bibliographically approved

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