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Ska dörren vara öppen?: Disciplin i klassrummet i Sverige och Tyskland
Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
2015 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Should the Door be Open? : Classroom Discipline in Sweden and Germany. (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate discipline in German and Swedish classrooms and describe its cultural contexts. In countries with compulsory education, it must be assumed that not all students voluntarily attend classes. The mandatory presence of students combined with the ban on corporal punishment in schools means that classroom interaction has to be organized according to certain manners and rules (Luhmann, 2002a:108a). These rules are understood here as discipline meaning the organization and control of individuals and their actions over space and time (Foucault, 1987/1975). This study assumes similarities in the fundamental disciplinary mechanisms, although different contexts (here Germany and Sweden) will create different concrete manifestations of the phenomenon. Since the observation of cultural contexts is not as self-evident and direct as the observation of classroom interactions of teachers and students, the theoretical considerations here include a detailed discussion of methodology for observing culture. Starting with Alfred Schütz’ concept of ideal types and Niklas Luhmann’s theory on massmedia, it is argued that culture can be observed through the products of mass media. The empirical data for this study consists of field studies in the form of observations in German and Swedish classrooms as well as the examination of Germanand Swedish films and television series about teachers and students. The classroom observations were used to create ideal typical descriptions of different implementations of disciplinary procedure. Based on the analysis of teacher figures in various German and Swedish films and television series, several “good” and “bad” teacher types were initially identified. Combining the two results allowed conclusions tobe made about correlations between disciplinary order and whether a teacher is considered “good” or “bad”. This review of the various types of order is the basis for the description of cultural contexts. The results of classroom observations and film studies and their discussion in relation to prior Swedish research, gives the picture of a cultural context in which various forms of classroom order are avail-able, in which they are critically discussed and also can exist in parallel to each other. On the other hand, the German context seems to allow only one form of classroom order, both in actual school operations as well as in the mass media representation and scientific reflection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Härnösand: Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet , 2015. , p. 246
Keywords [en]
Sweden, Germany, Classroom Discipline, Ideal Types, Teachers, Film, Television, Cultural Context
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-14541ISBN: 978-91-88025-11-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-14541DiVA, id: diva2:1230246
Public defence
2015-06-05, Sigma, Härnösand, 13:15
Opponent
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Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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