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Hållfasthetssimulering av hydrauliska högtryckskopplingar
University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Solidmechanical simulation of high pressure hydraulic couplings (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hydrauliska högtryckskopplingar av typen FEM ½” studeras med avsikten att fastställa en effektiv beräkningsmetodik som kan användas till att prediktera kopplingarnas hållfasthet. Metodiken utgörs av finita element analyser (FEA), och valideras av experimentella trycktester utförda på kopplingstypen FEM ½”. Genom FEA kan kopplingarnas hållfasthetsbeteende och maximala belastningskapacitet studeras virtuellt, vilket minskar behovet av experimentella tester och medför potential för optimering av produkterna. Arbetet utförs på Parker Hannifin AB i Skövde.

Experimentella tester utförs på 20 stycken kopplingspar av typen FEM ½” för att utöka förståelsen av kopplingarnas beteende under brottsförloppet och för att prediktera trycket som medför haveri. Testernas genomförande och struktur baseras på metodiken Design of Experiments (DOE). Kritiska komponenter identifieras utifrån experimentets resultat, vilka sedan studeras närmare via FEA. Analyserna valideras utifrån standarder som kopplingarna ska efterfölja, och mätdata insamlad under de experimentella testerna.

Från de experimentella testerna är det komponenterna: kulhållaren, styrningen och nippelhuset som upptar belastning i störst utsträckning. Vid haveri framgår två brottmoder som vanliga, att kulhållaren slits isär samt att styrningen brister, båda fallen uppkommer vid approximativt samma tryck. FE-analyserna för styrningen och kulhållaren visar god överensstämmelse med experimentella resultat. Deformationerna skiljer sig dock mellan analyserna och de experimentella testerna, var nippelhusets analyser uppvisar störst avvikelser.

FE-modellerna uppvisar god potential för att prediktera samt utvärdera kopplingarnas mekaniska beteende under tryckbelastning. Analyserna är dock helt beroende av ingående data, var saknaden av en verklig materialmodell medför avvikelser från experimentella resultat. Förhållandet framgår tydligt av nippelhuset, vars relaterade härdningsegenskaper saknas.

Abstract [en]

Hydraulic FEM ½" high pressure couplings are studied with the purpose of establishing an effective methodology that can be used to predict the strength of the couplings. The methodology consists of finite element analyzes (FEA) and is validated by experimental pressure tests, performed on the FEM ½” couplings pairs.  Using FEA, the couplings solid mechanical behavior and maximum load ability can be viewed virtual, reducing the need for experimental tests and gives the potential for optimized products. The work is performed at Parker Hannifin AB in Skovde.

Experimental tests are performed on 20 FEM ½” couplings pairs, to understand the solid mechanical behavior of the couplings until failure occurs, and to predict the maximum pressure that can be applied. The experimental structure and performance is based on the method Design of Experiments (DOE). Critical components are identified based on the results from the experimental tests, which are then studied more closely through FEA. The analysis are validated based on the applied material model, and data collected during the experimental tests.

From the experimental tests it is shown that the components: ball cage, guide and plug housing are the components in which failure occur. In case of failure, two failure modes appear as common, that the ball cage is worn apart and that the guide burst, both types of failure modes occur at a similar pressure. The analysis for the guide and ball cage corresponds with the experimental outcomes. Differences occurs however when looked at the deformations, in which the plug housing shows the largest deviation when compared to the experimental results.

The usage of FE-models appears to be appropriate for predicting and evaluating the mechanical strengths of the couplings during pressure loads. The analysis are however entirely dependent on the input data, where an incorrect material model generates incorrect results. The relationship is shown for the plug housing, which lack the mechanical properties related to curing processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 54
Keywords [sv]
Bi-linjärt materialbeteende, FEA, finita elementanalyser, experiment, tryckkärl, cylindriska kroppar, hydrauliska kopplingar, DOE, Newton-Raphson method, virtuell modellering, kraftanalys, kontaktförhållanden
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15915DiVA, id: diva2:1230125
External cooperation
Parker Hannifin AB
Subject / course
Mechanical Engineering; Mechanical Engineering
Educational program
Mechanical Engineer; Mechanical Engineer
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-06 Created: 2018-07-02 Last updated: 2018-07-06Bibliographically approved

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