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What Can You Do with 100 kWh? A Longitudinal Study of Using an Interactive Energy Comparison Tool to Increase Energy Awareness
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. (Technology Enhanced Learning)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6457-5231
Department of Computer Science and Media Technology, Linnaeus University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0224-4960
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 7, article id 2269Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reducing the use of energy is important for several reasons, such as saving money and reducing impact on the climate. However, the awareness among non-experts of how much energy is required by different activities and appliances is generally low, which can lead to wrong prioritizations. In this study, we have developed an interactive tool to increase “energy awareness”, and performed a longitudinal study to evaluate its effect. A group of 58 students first did a test to benchmark their current energy awareness, where their current knowledge of energy used for 14 different activities, such as driving vehicles and using home appliances, was measured. They then tried the interactive learning tool for 10 min. Next, they did the same test immediately after trying the tool, then again one week after trying the tool, and finally again six months after trying the tool. The results showed a significant learning effect in energy awareness with a “huge” effect size of 2.25 immediately after the intervention, a “very large” effect size of 1.70 after one week, and a “large” effect size of 0.93 after six months. The results further showed that the respondents consistently underestimated what 100 kWh could be used for, and especially so for appliances and activities requiring little energy. Before the intervention, on average they underestimated how much 100 kWh could be used for by 95.2%, and six months after the intervention the underestimation was 86.8%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel, 2018. Vol. 10, no 7, article id 2269
Keywords [en]
energy awareness; technology enhanced learning; sustainable HCI; e-learning; energy conservation; energy literacy
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Pedagogy
Research subject
Human-computer Interaction; Media Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-231766DOI: 10.3390/su10072269OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-231766DiVA, id: diva2:1229889
Projects
Improved energy counceling and energy habits by Quantified Self Assisted Advisory
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 38208-1
Note

QC 20180702

Available from: 2018-07-02 Created: 2018-07-02 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved

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