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The Olympic biathlon – Recent advances and perspectives after Pyeongchang
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5574-8679
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway; The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3814-6246
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 9, article id 796Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The biathlon, combining cross-country ski skating with rifle marksmanship, has been an Olympic event since the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, United States, in 1960. As a consequence of replacing the classical with the skating technique in the 1980s, as well as considerable improvements in equipment and preparation of ski tracks and more effective training, the average biathlon skiing speed has increased substantially. Moreover, the mass-start, pursuit, and sprint races have been introduced. Indeed, two of the four current individual Olympic biathlon competitions involve mass-starts, where tactics play a major role and the outcome is often decided during the last round of shooting or final sprint. Biathlon is a demanding endurance sport requiring extensive aerobic capacity. The wide range of speeds and slopes involved requires biathletes to alternate continuously between and adapt different skating sub-techniques duringraces, a technical complexity that places a premium on efficiency. Although the relative amounts of endurance training at different levels of intensity have remained essentially constant during recent decades, today’s biathletes perform more specific endurance training on roller skis on terrain similar to that used for competition, with more focus on the upper-body, systematic strength and power training and skiing at higher speeds. Success in the biathlon also requires accurate and rapid shooting while simultaneously recovering from high-intensity skiing. Many different factors, including body sway, triggering behavior, and even psychology, influence the shooting performance. Thus, the complexity of biathlon deserves a greater research focus on areas such as race tactics, skating techniques, or shooting process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, article id 796
Keywords [en]
performance, physiology, shooting, skiing, training
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34056DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00796ISI: 000437003100001PubMedID: 30013486OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-34056DiVA, id: diva2:1229763
Available from: 2018-07-02 Created: 2018-07-02 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved

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Laaksonen, MarkoJonsson, MalinHolmberg, Hans-Christer
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