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Muntliga redovisningar på mellanstadiet: Elevers upplevelser och läraresundervisning och anpassningar.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Students' experiences about, teachers' teachings of and adjustments to oral presentations in grades 4-6. (English)
Abstract [en]

In my study I will examine how students in grades 4-6 experience oral presentations, howteachers understand the students´ experiences and which factors they think affect these experiences.Finally I will look at how teachers teach about oral presentation and what adjustmentsthey make in relation to the studens´needs.I have used questionnaire forms that includes both multiple choice answers and open questions.These questionnaire forms have been given out to 36 students in grades 4, 5 and 6 attwo different schools. I have also had one on one interviews with three teachers who teachSwedish in grades 4-6.The results shows that the majority of the participating students experience negative feelingsconnected to oral presentations. The other participating students felt positive or neural aboutoral presentations. The factors that affects the experience of oral presentations for students´according to my study is: students´ earlier experiences, the class climate, how the audience actduring the presentation and how much time and teaching time is being directed towards thetools that students need to make a good presentation. The teachers teach in different ways buthave some elements in common. They all use examples to show good and bad presentations,then let the students practice different presentation skills and they try to give all the studentspractice in talking in front of the class as often as possible. The teachers make adjustments bytelling the students that many people find oral presentations challenging but with practice youcan feel better about this. They also make adjustments in how many and which people someof the students have to make the presentations in front of. The teachers worked with the wholeclass about how you are a good audience.

Abstract [sv]

Min studie har som syfte att undersöka hur elever upplever muntliga redovisningar. Hur lärare uppfattar elevers upplevelser av muntliga redovisningar, vilka faktorer som påverkar deras upplevelser samt hur lärarna undervisar och anpassar sin undervisning till elevernas behov.

Jag har använt mig av enkäter med flervalsfrågor där deltagarna hade möjlighet att ge egna kommentarer. Dessa enkäter har jag delat ut till 36 elever i årskurserna 4-6 på två olika skolor. Jag har också haft enskilda intervjuer med tre lärare.

Resultaten från studien visar att majoriteten av eleverna upplever negativa känslor kopplade till muntliga redovisningar. Resterande upplever dem som positiva eller okej. Lärarna bekräf- tar detta genom sina iakttagelser. De faktorer som lärarna anser påverka eleverna upplevelser är elevernas tidigare erfarenheter, klassklimatet, hur åhörarna beter sig under redovisningarna samt hur mycket tid och undervisning som läggs på verktygen som behövs för att genomföra en bra redovisning. Lärarna arbetar olika, men några gemensamma nämnare är att visa visu- ella exempel på bra och mindre bra redovisningar, att träna olika delar och att stegvis bygga upp elevernas kunskaper. Anpassningarna som görs är bland annat att medvetandegöra elever om att många tycker att detta är jobbigt, anpassa gruppen som lyssnar eller låta eleven göra redovisningen för bara läraren. Vidare arbetar lärarna mycket med hela klassen om hur man är en bra och respektfull publik. Sammanfattningsvis görs vissa anpassningar för hela gruppen och andra görs på individnivå.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 50
Keywords [en]
Oral presentation, adjustments, student experiences, teaching methods about rhet- oric.
Keywords [sv]
Muntlig framställning, talängslan, anpassningar, undervisning om retorik
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68231OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-68231DiVA, id: diva2:1229185
Subject / course
The Swedish Language
Educational program
Primary Education Programme, 240 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-02 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved

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