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Comparative analysis of the outcomes of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in England and Sweden
St Georges Univ London, St Georges Vasc Inst, London, England;St Georges Univ London, Mol & Clin Sci Res Inst, London, England.
St Georges Univ London, St Georges Vasc Inst, London, England;St Georges Univ London, Mol & Clin Sci Res Inst, London, England.
St Georges Univ London, St Georges Vasc Inst, London, England;St Georges Univ London, Mol & Clin Sci Res Inst, London, England.
St Georges Univ London, St Georges Vasc Inst, London, England;St Georges Univ London, Populat Hlth Res Inst, London, England.
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2018 (English)In: British Journal of Surgery, ISSN 0007-1323, E-ISSN 1365-2168, Vol. 105, no 5, p. 520-528Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

There is substantial international variation in mortality after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair; many non-operative factors influence risk-adjusted outcomes. This study compared 90-day and 5-year mortality for patients undergoing elective AAA repair in England and Sweden.

Methods

Patients were identified from English Hospital Episode Statistics and the Swedish Vascular Registry between 2003 and 2012. Ninety-day mortality and 5-year survival were compared after adjustment for age and sex. Separate within-country analyses were performed to examine the impact of co-morbidity, hospital teaching status and hospital annual caseload.

Results

The study included 36 249 patients who had AAA treatment in England, with a median age of 74 (i.q.r. 69–79) years, of whom 87·2 per cent were men. There were 7806 patients treated for AAA in Sweden, with a median of age 73 (68–78) years, of whom 82·9 per cent were men. Ninety‐day mortality rates were poorer in England than in Sweden (5·0 versus 3·9 per cent respectively; P < 0·001), but were not significantly different after 2007. Five‐year survival was poorer in England (70·5 versus 72·8 per cent; P < 0·001). Use of EVAR was initially lower in England, but surpassed that in Sweden after 2010. In both countries, poor outcome was associated with increased age. In England, institutions with higher operative annual volume had lower mortality rates.

Conclusion

Mortality for elective AAA repair was initially poorer in England than Sweden, but improved over time alongside greater uptake of EVAR, and now there is no difference. Centres performing a greater proportion of EVAR procedures achieved better results in England. Improving in England

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 105, no 5, p. 520-528
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354237DOI: 10.1002/bjs.10749ISI: 000428846100009PubMedID: 29468657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-354237DiVA, id: diva2:1229149
Conference
Annual Meeting of the British-Society-for-Endovascular-Therapy, JUN, 2017, Wotton under Edge, ENGLAND
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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