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ETT HOT MOT DEMOKRATIN? En jämförelse av tre federativa system
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This essay sets out to compare democratic legitimacy in three federal systems: United States of

America (USA), European Union (EU) and Germany. The main question of the essay concerns

the institutional design of the USA, EU and Germany's federal systems and how it is likely to

affect democratic legitimacy. This main question is divided into four subqueries that lead the

empirical analysis. These are: 1) What does the federal system's electoral process look like?, 2)

How many voters do the federal systems have per mandate?, 3) In what ways do laws, rules and

decisions create restrictions on the democratic process of the different systems?, and 4) Are

there any changes and trends in development that may lead to weaker / stronger democratic

legitimacy in the three federal systems?

The essay is based on the assumption on legitimacy as a political concept and that it

refers to whether people accept the political system's authority. The method for this essay is a

comparative study using ‘most similar system design’. The empirical section includes collected

material related to democratic legitimacy and the democratic process of the three federal

systems, in relation to Robert Dahl's traditional democratic theory demonstrating five criteria a

democratic process should achieve.

It is difficult to measure to what extent the criteria in the traditional democratic theory are

achieved, thus the empirical outcome is not comprehensive. However, it is possible to discuss the

outcome and draw conclusions by studying the extent of legitimacy in the systems, in relation to

each other. The empirical study thus shows that the German democratic process is more likely to

fulfill a democratic process according to Robert Dahl’s democracy theory than the other two

systems. USA tend to show more extensive restrictions for fulfilling the requirements of a

democratic process than the other two systems. EU:s results is similar to USA, but does not have

the same extensive restrictions. Therefore, Germany demonstrates a higher degree of democratic

legitimacy than USA and EU do. USA demonstrates a lower degree of democratic legitimacy

and EU:s democratic legitimacy is similar to USA. Our hypothesis, that the institutional structure

of the system affects the outcome of democratic legitimacy, is thus confirmed in the study

results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 60
Keywords [en]
Democratic legitimacy, democratic process, institutional federal system, Robert
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67627OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67627DiVA, id: diva2:1229133
Subject / course
Statskunskap
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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