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Att bygga en grundskola som fungerar i en innerstadsmiljö
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To construct an elementary school that fits in aninner city environment (English)
Abstract [en]

As cities become denser, population increases and the build rate today for elementary schools is low,more and more students will need a place in schools that are not yet built. Today, temporary modulesare a solution to the school shortage, these modules come with the risk of being used for a longerperiods than was planned due to the lack in planning for permanent schools. At the same time alreadyexisting elementary schools, in particular, the inner cities ones face another problem, that of a limitedplayground.The aim of this work is to design a permanent elementary school that will fit in an inner cityenvironment and, despite its limited amount of space, will be able to achieve the recommended keyfigures for playgrounds outdoors. In order to design such a primary school, investigations were carriedout in the form of literature studies, web searches, personal interviews and personal visits at variouselementary schools. The interviews were conducted in person with specialists in the planning ofelementary schools, with primary school teachers and with experienced architects and constructorswith substantial knowledge in their fields. Based on the investigations, a primary school wasdeveloped which works in an inner city environment.The elementary school was designed with regard to internal and external noise and has a flexibledesign to be adapted to sites with different conditions. The building has a limited space that offersenough playgrounds for the students in the form of balconies, roof terrace and a playground in theground floor beneath a part of the building standing on pillars. We believe that this solution to aprimary school can in the long run be a good start for reducing the shortcomings of schools facing oursociety.

Abstract [sv]

I och med att städerna blir tätare, befolkningsmängden ökar och byggtakten idag för grundskolor ärlågt kommer allt fler elever att behöva skolplatser som inte finns ännu. Idag är tillfälliga modulhus enlösning på skolbristen, men risken är att dessa tillfälliga modulhus används under en längre tid änplanerad p.g.a bristen på planering av permanenta skollokaler. Ett problem som de befintligagrundskolorna i framförallt innerstäderna har idag är en begränsad markyta för skolgård.Målet med detta arbete är att utforma en permanent grundskola som ska fungera i en innerstadsmiljöoch som trots sin begränsade tomtyta ska kunna uppnå det rekommenderade nyckeltalet för lekytautomhus per elev. För att utforma en sådan grundskola genomfördes utredningar i form avlitteraturstudier, webbsökningar, personliga intervjuer och studiebesök på olika grundskolor.Intervjuerna utfördes på plats med sakkunniga inom planering av grundskolor, med pedagoger på engrundskola samt med erfarna arkitekter och konstruktörer som har hög kompetens inom skolor.Utifrån utredningarna utformades en grundskola som fungerar i en innerstadsmiljö.Grundskolan utformades med hänsyn till internt och externt buller samt har en flexibel utformning föratt kunna anpassas till tomter med olika förutsättningar. Byggnaden har en begränsad tomtyta somerbjuder tillräckligt med lekytor för eleverna i form av balkonger, takterrass samt lekgård på markenunder en del av byggnaden som står på pelare. Vi tror att denna lösning på en grundskola kan på långtsikt vara en bra början till att minska bristen på elevplatser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 1897
Keywords [en]
Elementary school, Flexible, Activity, Safety, Educational
Keywords [sv]
Grundskola, Flexibel, Aktivitet, Trygghet, Pedagogisk
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-231465OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-231465DiVA, id: diva2:1228571
External cooperation
Cedervall Arkitekter
Subject / course
Architecture
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved

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