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Marknadsundersökning kring additiv tillverkning i Sverige
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Market research on Additive Manufacturing in Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Användningen och intresset för additiv tillverkning (AM) har ökat markant de senaste åren och det finns en teori kring att tillverkningsmetoden kan vara det nästa steget i den industriella revolutionen.

Eftersom AM fortfarande befinner sig i utvecklingsstatidet går det att anta att tekniken ännu inte uppnått sin fulla potential och att det kan komma att finnas möjligheter att implementera tekniken i fler branscher och företag. Detta skulle innebära en bredare marknad för AM.

Syftet med examensarbetet var att undersöka vilka möjligheter och hinder som finns för ökad användning av AM i Sverige. Studien genomfördes genom kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta olika verksamheter tillhörande den svenska industrin och en litteraturgenomgång för att presentera nuläget för AM i svensk industriell marknad. Resultatet av datainsamlingen analyserades med modellerna PEST, 4P och slutligen SWOT.

De fördelar som har setts med användningen av AM har varit minskade ledtider, minskade kostnader för tillverkning av produkter och verktyg, minskat materialspill och en optimal designprocess med ökad kreativitet. De begränsningar som finns i tekniken i dagsläget är att priset för material och maskiner är dyrt. Vidare anses även kvalitet på slutdetalj, begränsad byggvolym och opålitliga processer vara problematiska. De möjligheter som finns beror huvudsakligen på den forskning som görs. Förutsättningarna för AM i svensk industri kommer att bero på hur tekniken kommer att utvecklas. De hinder som finns är kopplat till kompetensbrist och att det inte finns befintliga standarder för material eller process inom AM.

Abstract [en]

Within the industrial sector, an increased interest and usage of Additive Manufacturing (AM) throughout the decade has been formed. The layer-upon-layer building technology has been seen and recognized as one of the next industrial revolutionizing methods of production. As the technology is still in the trending and uprising phase it should be considered that its full potential has not yet been achieved, as large opportunities for implementation of AM exist and that new companies and markets have a growing interest in this technology.

Through this study a market research was conducted to identify and present what opportunities and obstacles there are for an increased usage of AM in Sweden. A literature study on the Swedish market has been made to present the market as of today. Eight qualitative interviews have also been conducted with companies within the industrial sector to identify the areas of use within AM for production. The concepts and models used to analyze these questions was PEST, Marketing Mix and SWOT.

The concluded results for advantages in using AM are shortened lead times, reduced costs of production of components and tools, reduced material waste and optimization of design processes with increased creativity. The concluded challenges are expensive materials and machine, the quality of finished components, limited printing volume due to the 3D-printers and reliability of printing processes. The finalized opportunities that are presented in this work are that AM is dependent on how much research on the subject and factors around it is done. How AM will be applied in the coming future revolves around the advancement in the technology. The obstacles that are found in this study are lack of competence and lack of standard for materials and processes within AM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Additive Manufacturing, Rapid Prototyping, Rapid Tooling, Rapid Manufacturing
Keywords [sv]
Additiv tillverkning, 3D-printing
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40858ISRN: JU-JTH-MTA-1-20180143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40858DiVA, id: diva2:1228268
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Etteplan
Subject / course
JTH, Mechanical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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