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Design, construction and modelling of an air cleaning test rig
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The cleaning technology for exhaust air is an area under constant development. In collaboration with Ozone Tech Systems the project resulted in a lab scale test rig for air cleaning units. The test rig was designed primarily to investigate the mechanisms of an UV reactor as well as the life times of a hydrogen sulphide absorption bed and an activated carbon bed. The thesis consisted in the design of the system, the acquisition of units and the construction of the system followed by the modelling of the pollutant elimination in the UV reactor. Fluid dynamics of the process flow is neglected, while the light distribution is numerically calculated. Two separate pollutants were considered, one being volatile organic compounds represented by acetaldehyde, and the other being hydrogen sulphide, chosen due to their prevalence in exhausts. An experimental plan is developed to validate the model, find model parameters and finally to investigate process parameters in the UV reactor.

Abstract [sv]

Luftföroreningar är ett mycket aktuellt problem, och tekniken för att rena luftströmmar är under ständig utveckling. I samarbete med Ozone Tech Systems designades och byggdes en testrigg för att undersöka olika luftreningsenheter. De primära målen var att undersöka mekanismerna i en UV reaktor samt livslängden för två lika packade bäddar; en absorptionsbädd för divätesulfid samt en adsorptionsbädd av aktiverat kol. Examensarbetet bestod av designmomentet, införskaffande av rätt enheter och konstruktionen av systemet. Även numerisk modellering av UV-reaktorn ingick i projektet, och denna gjordes med störst avseende på UV-ljusets fördelning i reaktorn medan flödesdynamiken försummades.Två olika föroreningar valdes p. g. a. deras frekventa förekomst i luftströmmar som ska renas; divätesulfid och flyktiga organiska ämnen (representerade här av acetaldehyd). Rapporten presenterar även en experimentell plan för att validera modellen, hitta modellens semiempiriska parametrar, samt till slut för att med hjälp av faktoriell design undersöka interaktionen mellan olika faktorer i UV-reaktorn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 52
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-231423OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-231423DiVA, id: diva2:1228184
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved

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