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”Socioekonomiska faktorers påverkan på tonåringars psykiska hälsa”: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”The effect of socioeconomic factors on teenage mental health” : A litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Psykisk ohälsa har ökat drastiskt bland tonåringar idag. Några av de aspekter som tycks driva på den här utvecklingen är socioekonomiska faktorer, det vill säga faktorer som har med den sociala och ekonomiska miljön att göra. I den här studien kartlades forskningen kring hur socioekonomiska faktorer kan påverka tonåringars psykiska hälsa.

Metod

Studien är en litteraturöversikt. Datainsamlingen skedde i Academic Search Elite, CINAHL och Ebsco Medline. Utifrån inklusions och exklusionskriterier valdes relevanta artiklar för studien ut. Efter att artiklar hade valts ut analyerades de för att få fram de teman som utgjorde resultatet.

Resultat

Sociala faktorer, utsatthet, kontext och personliga egenskaper samt typ av socioekonomisk faktor är teman som återkom frekvent i de tio utvalda artiklarna. Alla fyra aspekter visade sig kunna  påverka tonåringars psykiska hälsa på olika sätt.

Diskussion

Resultaten av den här studien visar på att socioekonomiska faktorer starkt kan påverka tonåringars psykiska hälsa. Resultaten visar även att det är viktigt att ta kontexten en tonåring befinner sig i samt tonåringens egna egenskaper i beaktning när man utforskar hur en viss socioekononomisk faktor påverkar den psykiska hälsan.

Abstract [en]

Background

Mental health issues in adolescents have been a growing problem over the last few years. Socioeconomic factors, or factors relating to the social and economic environment appear to play a part in this trend. The aim of this study was to explore the literature available on how socioeconomic factors impact adolescents mental health.

Method

The study was a literature review. Data was collected in Academic Search Elite, CINAHL and Ebsco Medline. The data collection processes resulted in the finding of 10 scientific articles.  The articles were analyzed in order to find the themes that made up the results of this study.

Results

“Social factors”, “disadvantage”, “context and personal traits” and “type of factors” are themes that frequently occured in the ten selected articles and all four aspects appear to impact the mental health of adolescents.

Discussion

The findings of this study show that socioeconomic factors greatly impact the mental health of adolescents and in a variety of different ways. It is important to consider context, type of factor and personal qualities of an individual when exploring how a particular socioeconomic factor will impact a particular adolescent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, mental health, socioeconomic, social, economic
Keywords [sv]
Tonåringar, psykisk hälsa, socioekonomiska faktorer, sociala, ekonomiska
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15845DiVA, id: diva2:1228182
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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