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Projektstyrning i offentlig verksamhet: En studie ur projektledarens perspektiv
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Project Portfolio Management in the public sector : A study from the project managers perspective (English)
Abstract [en]

A multi project environment entails challenges to project members as well as for the unit who governs the projects. The purpose of this paper is to create a greater knowledge about how project portfolio management can function in practice in different contexts. This paper concerns the public sector which creates additional challenges for the project portfolio management. They must for example always respect how projects will affect the society. Furthermore, the projects in public sector usually have a much stricter budget as well as greater demands. The paper is based on a qualitative study in which eight project managers have been asked how they experience the project portfolio management within the public sector. The answers can be interpreted to that the relationship between the principal and the project manager is crucial to how the project portfolio management is experienced, especially concerning the degree of participation and expectations. Furthermore, there are several aspects which suggests that the mother organization and the project management are clashing. This shows itself for example in resource allocation problems and quick decision making. One way to interpret this is that it depends on two different views on decision making. The public sector entails a bureaucratic system that according to some respondents often slows decisions down, decisions which they maybe view as self-evident. To have a good and effective project management in the public sector seems hard. It is suggested though, that the project portfolio management should be adjusted to the prerequisites that each organization entails. The study also shows the importance of the relationship between agent and principal and how it affects the possibilities to operate projects effectively.

Abstract [sv]

En multiprojektmiljö innebär utmaningar för såväl projektmedlemmar som för den ledning som samordnar och projektstyr. Syftet med denna uppsats är att skapa större förståelse för hur projektstyrning kan gå till i praktiken i olika kontexter. Den offentliga sektorn som studien berör innebär ytterligare utmaningar för hanteringen av en multiprojektmiljö. Uppsatsen baseras på en kvalitativ studie med åtta projektledare där projektledare har frågats hur de upplever projektstyrningen inom offentlig sektor. Resultatet tyder på att den personliga kontakten mellan uppdragsgivare och projektledare kan vara avgörande för hur projektstyrningen upplevs, exempelvis är delaktighet och förväntningar viktigt. Vidare finns det även flera aspekter som tyder på att linjeorganisation och projektverksamheten krockar. Det här tar sig bland annat uttryck vid resursprioritering och snabb beslutsfattning. Föregående kan tolkas bero på olika perspektiv på beslutsfattande. Den offentliga sektorn innebär ett byråkratiskt system som ofta upplevs bromsar beslut som de själva kanske tycker är självklara. Att bedriva en bra och effektiv projektledning i offentlig sektor tycks således vara svårt. Däremot så föreslås det att effektiviseringsarbetet bör anpassas efter de förutsättningar som vardera organisationen har för att skapa ett så effektivt system som det bara går. Studien visar även vikten av hur det personliga förhållandet mellan uppdragsgivare och projektledare påverkar möjligheterna att bedriva projekt effektivt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
project portfolio management, public sector, project management, multiproject environment
Keywords [sv]
projektstyrning, offentlig sektor, projektledning, multiprojektmiljö
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68148OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-68148DiVA, id: diva2:1228117
Subject / course
Project Leadership
Educational program
Master's Degree Programme (one year) in Project Management, 60 hp
Presentation
2018-05-04, 14:45 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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