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Hjältinnan och genusordningen: En narrativ analys av manliga och kvinnliga stereotyper i dystopin Divergenttrilogin och dess litteraturdidaktiska möjligheter i undervisningen
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The Heroine and the gender system : A narrative analysis of male and female stereotypes in the trilogy Divergent and its literary didactic possibilities in the teching (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med uppsatsen var att undersöka gestaltningen av manliga och kvinnliga stereotyper, samt genusordningen i den populära ungdomstrilogin Divergent (2012–2014), skriven av Veronica Roth. Det är viktigt att undersöka hur litteraturen förmedlar kulturella förställningar om manliga och kvinnliga stereotyper för att kunna problematisera och bearbeta innehållet i litteraturundervisningen. För att analysera materialet valdes en kvalitativ narratologisk textanalys med fokus på berättarperspektivet. För att strukturera upp materialet användes Maria Nikolajeva (2017) schema över manliga och kvinnliga stereotyper. Den teoretiska bakgrunden utgjordes av feministisk och genusteoretisk forskning, samt feministisk litteraturteori. Tidigare forskning visar att protagonisten Tris anses vara normbrytande genom att tillskrivas manliga stereotypa drag, t.ex. tävlingslystnad och mod. Det framgick av analysen att författaren Veronica Roth maskerar genus stereotyper i falangtillhörigheterna. Vidare framkommer att manliga karaktäriserande drag gestaltade hos en kvinnlig karaktär framträder som något positivt, medan typiskt kvinnliga karaktäriserande egenskaper gestaltade hos en manlig karaktär förefaller som något negativt. På så vis kan man se att genusordningen trots allt upprätthålls i det berättade då kvinnliga egenskaper ses som sämre än de manliga och blir på så vis underordnade i hierarkin. 

Abstract [en]

This essay examines the representation of male and female stereotypes and gender-based social structures in the young adult fiction novel, Divergent (2012-2014), written by Veronica Roth. It is important to examine how popular literature discloses cultural expressions of male and female stereotypes to challenge and process content when teaching literature in upper secondary school. A qualitative, narrative text method is used to analyze the material with a focus on the narrative's point of view. The analysis is based on attributes of male and female stereotypes established by Maria Nikolajeva (2017). Feminist and gender research as well as feminist literary theory inform the theoretical background. According to research results, Tris, the female protagonist, breaks gender norms by acting strongly competitive and dauntless. These qualities are usually considered male attributes. Conclusions from the analysis are that author Veronica Roth masks gender stereotypes through the so-called fractions. Furthermore, it appears that typical male characteristics featured in a female character are positive, whereas typical female characteristics expressed through a male character are somewhat negative. Thus, the gender-based social structures of female subordination and male dominance are preserved in this narrative because of the portrayal of female characteristics as inferior to the male characteristics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 29
Keywords [sv]
Manligt, Kvinnligt, Genusteori, Feministisk litteraturteori, Narratologi, Litteraturdidaktik
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-68141DiVA, id: diva2:1228048
Subject / course
Comparative Literature
Educational program
Secondary Education Programme: Upper-Secondary School: Swedish (330 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved

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