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IT-tillämpning och utmaningar i autonoma fordon: En fallstudie om självkörande bussar och utmaningar kopplade till dess IT-tillämpning
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
IT utilization and challenges in autonomous vehicles : A case study of self-driving buses and challenges related to their IT utilization (English)
Abstract [sv]

Traditionella fordonstillverkare är inte längre ensamma aktörer på fordonsmarknaden – utan stora IT-företag som Apple och Alphabet har ökat sina forskningsanslag och arbetar på kommersialiserad självkörningsteknologi. Fler inblandade IT-aktörer och en ökad mängd IT i fordonen gör att vi bedömer att autonoma fordon kan betraktas som IT-produkter, vilket vi ser kan medföra olika risker och utmaningar.  

Autonoma fordons testverksamhet pågår aktivt runt omkring i världen. I Sverige introducerades en ny lagstiftning 2017 som tillåter testningen av autonoma fordon på allmänna vägar. Detta har lett till att vi idag ser ett antal olika projekt runt om i landet som involverar autonoma fordon på vägarna. I Linköping bedrivs bland annat ett projekt som går ut på att testa fyra autonoma bussar av modellen Olli i en specifik stadsdel. För att undersöka risker och utmaningar kopplade till autonoma fordon valde vi att genomföra en fallstudie på Olli.

Resultatet har påvisat ett antal utmaningar och risker, vissa av dem unika för projektet men ändock applicerbara på andra autonoma fordon. Utmaningarna involverar både tekniska och icke-tekniska aspekter, och vi ser utifrån dessa att balansen mellan båda delarna är viktiga att ha i åtanke under en designprocess.

Abstract [en]

Traditional vehicle manufacturers are no longer sole players on the market — IT companies like Apple and Alphabet have increased their R&D-funding and are working on their own commercialized self driving technologies. Due to more involved IT companies and an increase of IT in the vehicles, our onset is to view the autonomous vehicle as an IT product, which could result in different forms of risks and challenges.

Autonomous vehicle testing is taking place around the world. In Sweden, a new legislation introduced in 2017 has made it possible to test autonomous vehicles on public roads. As a result, a number of projects involving autonomous vehicles have been initiated around the country. In Linköping, for example, there's a planned project that focuses on testing four autonomous buses of a model called Olli in a specific district. To examine risks and challenges related to autonomous vehicles we decided to do a case study of Olli.

The result shows a number of risks and challenges, some of them are unique to the project but still applicable on other types of autonomous vehicles. The challenges involves both technical and non-technical aspects, and judging from these we have noticed that the balance between both parts are important to have in mind during the design process of the vehicles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 100
Keywords [en]
autonomous vehicles, IT, challenges, case study
Keywords [sv]
autonoma fordon, IT, utmaningar, fallstudie
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-149074ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-G--18/01981--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-149074DiVA, id: diva2:1225101
Subject / course
Informatics/Information systems
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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