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Hot, löften och alliansfrihet: En fallstudie av den svenska alliansfriheten 2008-2017
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Threats, promises  and freedom of alliances : A case study of the Swedish freedom of alliances 2008-2017 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka den svenska utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiken i skenet av ett allt mer spänt omvärldsläge. Vi vill undersöka de bakomliggande faktorerna till den svenska alliansfria hållningen i perioden 2008-2017, där Sverige ingår militära samarbeten och gör tydliga solidaritetsförklaringar men samtidigt stint håller fast vid alliansfriheten. Vilket ger två forskningsfrågor.

Hur har svensk syn på militära samarbeten och allianser i utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiken utvecklats i perioden 2008-2017? och

Hur förklaras å ena sidan Sveriges officiella och strikta militära alliansfrihet samt å andra sidan Sveriges ökade militära samarbeten?

För att finna svar på forskningsfrågorna har vi genomfört en enfallsstudie där fallet utgörs av allianspolitik och analysenheten är Sverige. Undersökning är gjord i två steg med beskrivande analys av det empiriska underlaget och en förklarande analys som är hypotesprövande. De hypoteser som prövas är två realistiska hypoteser ur teorier kring makt- och hotbalansering samt en socialpsykologisk hypotes ur teori kring perceptioner. Undersökningsmaterielat är avgränsat till utrikesdeklarationer samt debattartiklar, tal, uttalanden och pressmedelande från sittande regerings stats- utrikes- och försvarsminister i perioden 2008-2017. I undersökningen har vi kommit fram till att farhågan att tappa sin handlingsfrihet och sin oberoende röst i världen gör att Sverige gärna ingår militära samarbeten, men fortsätter kalla sig alliansfria. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this essay is to analyze the Swedish foreign and security policy in the light of an increasingly tense regional situation. We want to analyze the underlying factors for the Swedish alliance-free stance in the period 2008-2017, where Sweden is part of military cooperation and makes clear statements of solidarity, while at the same time maintaining the freedom of alliance. Which gives two research questions.

How has Swedish view of military cooperation and alliances in foreign and security policy developed in the period 2008-2017? and

How is Sweden's official and strict military alliance freedom and Sweden's increased military cooperation, on the one hand, explained?

To answer the research questions we have conducted a single case study where the case is alliance policy and the analysis unit is Sweden. Analysis is divided in two steps with descriptive analysis of the empirical basis and an explanatory analysis that is hypothesis testing. The hypotheses being tested are two realistic hypotheses from theories of power and threat balancing, as well as a social psychological hypothesis from the theory of perceptions. Investigation material is limited to foreign declarations, as well as debate articles, speeches, statements and press releases from the seat minister of state, foreign affairs and defense in the period 2008-2017.In the study we have come to the conclusion that daring to lose its freedom of action and its independent voice in the world makes Sweden happy to join military cooperation, but continues to call itself alliance free.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 48
Keywords [en]
Sweden, alliance freedom, military alliances, military cooperation, threats, power, perception
Keywords [sv]
Sverige, alliansfrihet, militära allianser, militära samarbeten, hot, makt, perception
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-68000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-68000DiVA, id: diva2:1223236
Subject / course
Political Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-01 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-08-01Bibliographically approved

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