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Person- och miljöfaktorers inverkan på utövandet av parasport: En litteraturöversikt
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personal and environmental factors impact on participation in parasport : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva hur person - och miljöfaktorer stödjer eller hindrar utövandet av parasport. Metod: Litteraturöversikt valdes som design. Datainsamlingen skedde genom en litteratursökning med relevanta sökord i databaserna PubMed, CINAHL och SportDiscus. Litteratursökningen kompletterades med en manuell sökning i inkluderade studiers referenslistor. Litteratursökningen resulterade i fjorton studier där samtliga studier kvalitetsgranskades med tillräcklig god kvalitet. I analysen användes den arbetsterapeutiska PEO-modellen som ett raster för att finna likheter och skillnader i resultaten. Resultat: Två kategorier: Person och Miljö med underkategorierna: Stödjande faktorer och Hindrande faktorer i respektive kategori. Stödjande personfaktorer var förenat med ett flertal positiva upplevelser som en känsla av glädje, identitet och förbättrad hälsa. Stödjande miljöfaktorer var kopplat till stöd från familj och vänner, en känsla av lagtillhörighet och ett socialt stöd. Hindrande personfaktorer var upplevelsen av ett försämrat hälsotillstånd och att drabbas av sekundära medicinska komplikationer. De hindrande miljöfaktorerna förekom främst i den fysiska miljön och som ett bristande socialt stöd. Konklusion: Litteraturöversikten har givit en översyn om hur stödjande och hindrande faktorer påverkar utövandet av parasport samt bidragit med kunskap om hur parasport skulle kunna vara en del i arbetsterapeutens hälsofrämjande arbete.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: To describe experiences of how personal and environmental factors can enable or prevent participation in parasport among people with disabilities. Method: Literature review was selected as the design. The data collection was done by a literature search of relevant keywords in the databases PubMed, CINAHL and SportDiscus. The literature search was supplemented with a manual search in the reference lists of the included studies. The literature search resulted in fourteen studies which were all quality examined and of sufficient good quality. In the analysis the Person- Environment-Occupation Model was used as a grid to find similarities and differences in the results. Results: Two categories: Personal and Environmental, both with the subcategories: Facilitators and Barriers. Facilitating personal factors were associated with several positive experiences, such as a sense of joy, identity and improved health. Facilitating environmental factors were linked to the support of family and friends, a sense of team affiliation and social support. The factors of personal barriers were the experience of a decreasing state of health and being affected by secondary medical complications. The factors of environmental barriers were most commonly in the physical environment and a lack of social support. Conclusion: The literature review has given a review of facilitators and barriers when participating in parasport and contributed with knowledge about how parasport could be part of an occupational therapist’s work to promote health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Parasport, barriers and facilitators, person, environment, occupational therapy
Keywords [sv]
Parasport, miljö, person, arbetsterapi, stödjande och hindrande faktorer
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-69787OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-69787DiVA, id: diva2:1222626
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Occupational Therapist, bachelor’s level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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