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The livelihoods of female seaweed farmers: A study about women's experiences of old and new techniques of seaweed farming on Zanzibar, Tanzania.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Seaweed has been hit hard by climate change around the world. The island of Zanzibar, which is the world’s third biggest exporter of seaweed, is one of the places where seaweed is affected. 80 percent of the seaweed farmers on Zanzibar are women who are directly affected by climate change since they are making a living from seaweed farming. New efforts to tackle the impact of climate change on seaweed has been made on Zanzibar through the SEA PoWer project which is a new technique of growing seaweed and enables twenty-four female seaweed farmers to grow in deep and cooler waters instead of the more traditional way which is in shallow waters. The aim of this study is to, from a livelihood perspective, examine women’s experiences and perceptions of the old versus the new techniques of farming seaweed on Zanzibar, Tanzania.  The research questions for this study focus on finding out the women’s experiences and perceptions of the changes in the techniques in relation to opportunities for livelihoods through seaweed farming. Furthermore, this study investigates if women experience conflicts of interest with men regarding the use of ocean space. Semi-structured interviews with eleven women who have used the new technique of growing seaweed were conducted and the results was analyzed in the light of previous research, through the definitions of livelihood and gender, and the theoretical concept of feminist political ecology. The result has shown that all women experienced improvements in their livelihoods through the new technique of seaweed farming. One clear improvement was that there were no negative health effects when using the new technique. The study also found that there are no conflicts of interest between men and women regarding the use of ocean space when using the new technique of seaweed farming. The women had a positive view on the future and had high expectations, they had already noticed positive effects on their livelihoods in form of social, human, physical capital and health.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
Seaweed farming, SEA PoWer, women, gender, livelihoods, feminist political ecology, Zan-zibar, Tanzania, Africa
National Category
Fish and Aquacultural Science Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40719ISRN: JU-HLK-GLS-1-20180058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40719DiVA, id: diva2:1222622
External cooperation
Institute of marine sciences, University of Dar es Salaam
Subject / course
HLK, Social Studies
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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HLK, Global Studies
Fish and Aquacultural ScienceGender StudiesSocial Sciences InterdisciplinaryOther Social Sciences not elsewhere specifiedGlobalisation Studies

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