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Styrsystem och kreativitet i projektstyrning: En fallstudie om tillämpningen av styrsystem och kreativitet i projekt
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Management control systems and creativity in project management (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund och problemdiskussion: Intresset för kreativitets- och innovationsforskning har ökat starkt i modern tid, särskilt under 2000-talet och framåt. Kreativitet och innovation kan beskrivas utifrån flera olika perspektiv och definitioner beroende på kontext och fenomen som undersöks. Samtidigt växer betydelsen av projektstyrning vilket anses bero på den komplexa affärsmiljön och den höga konkurrens som råder. Rätt projektstyrning anses viktigt för lyckade projekt. Det finns en potentiell konflikt mellan styrning och kreativitet, som därför kräver en balansgång för att uppnå önskat resultat.

Syfte: Genom att studera hur projektprocesser sker i projekt och hur styrning och styrsystem balanseras med de kreativa processerna kommer vi att bidra till en ökad förståelse för vilken typ av styrning som är mest utmärkande i varje projektprocess och hur det samverkar med kreativitet. Syftet blir därmed att identifiera och jämföra det undersökta företagets anpassning av styrsystem gentemot kreativitetsprocesser med existerande teori inom kreativitetsforskning. På så sätt föreslår vi en modell för hur projekt kan styras beroende på både situationsbehov och typ av kreativt tänkande, uppdelad på de olika projektfaserna.

Metod: En fallstudie har gjorts på IST, ett utvecklande IT-företag. Studien har ett kvalitativt förhållningssätt, där semistrukturerade intervjuer av projektledare har använts för att samla in det empiriska materialet.

Slutsats: Olika förhållningssätt till kreativitet i olika situationer behövs för att lyckas med projektstyrning. Projektstyrning kan resultera i ökad inre motivation för medarbetarna om styrsystemen är utformade på rätt sätt. Att förstå när olika typer av tänkande krävs inom olika projektprocesser är då nödvändigt. I de olika projektprocesserna krävs fokus på olika former av styrning, i stängda problem. Alla fyra typer av styrsystem var aktiva under de olika projektprocesserna. Alla styrsystem fanns inte vara lika relevanta under varje process, under initiering används exempelvis boundary och interactive mer medan boundary och diagnostic används mer under planeringsstadiet.

Abstract [en]

Background and problem discussion: The interest for research in creativity- and innovation has strongly increased in the modern time, especially during the 21th century. Creativity and innovation can be described from several different perspectives and definitions depending on the context and phenomenon being studied. At the same time, the importance of project management is increasing which is considered to depend on the complex business environment and the high competitiveness. Proper project management is considered to be of large importance for successful projects. There is a potential conflict between control and creativity, and a balance between the two is thus required to achieve the desired result.

Purpose: By studying how project processes occurs in projects and and how control and control systems are balanced with the creative processes, we will contribute to increase the understanding what type of control that is characteristic in each project process and how it interacts with creativity. The purpose is therefore to identify and compare the studied company’s adaptation of control system in relation to creativity processes with existing theory in creativity research. In this manner we propose a model for how projects can be controlled depending on situation and type of creative thinking, depending on the different project processes.

Method: A case study has been conducted at IST, a developing IT-company. The study has a qualitative approach, where semi-structured interviews of project managers have been used to gather the empirical material.

Conclusion: Different approaches to creativity in different situations are required in order to be successful in project management. Project management can result in increased intrinsic motivation for employees if the control systems are designed in the right way. Understanding when different types of creativity is needed in the different project processes is essential. The different project processes requires different types of control, in closed problems. All four types of control system were active during the different project processes. Although all four control systems aren’t considered to be equally active during respective process, boundary and interactive are for example more active during initiation, while boundary and diagnostic were more active during planning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 77
Keywords [en]
Project process, project management, control system, creativity, case study, processes, innovation, divergent, convergent, creativity types
Keywords [sv]
Projektprocess, projektstyrning, styrsystem, kreativitet, fallstudie, processer, innovation, divergerande, konvergerande, kreativitetstyp
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76243OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-76243DiVA, id: diva2:1221814
Educational program
Business Administration and Economics Programme, 240 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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