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Hälsofrämjande faktorer i chefers arbetsmiljö
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att undersöka chefers upplevelser av hälsofrämjande faktorer i sin egen arbetsmiljö och hur de inkluderar detta i sitt ledarskap. De frågeställningar som är aktuella är: Vilka hälsofrämjande faktorer upplever en chef i sin arbetsmiljö och hur överför chefen de hälsofrämjande faktorerna till medarbetarnas arbetsmiljö? Datamaterialet har samlats in genom två fokusgruppsintervjuer. Totalt deltog nio chefer i två svenska kommuner och materialet har analyserats med hjälp av en tematisk analys. Tre teman framgick av analysen: Struktur, välmående och medvetna val. Struktur menar cheferna är en förutsättning för att utföra uppdraget. Välmående hos både dem själva och deras medarbetare bidrar till upplevd hälsa och medvetna val görs för att främja sin egen och medarbetarnas hälsa. Detta görs genom ett positivt förhållningssätt hos cheferna. Studiens slutsats är att chefer upplever flera hälsofrämjande faktorer i sitt arbete. Stöd av kollegor, medarbetarnas trivsel och chefens egen hälsa är några. Avgörande för chefens upplevda hälsa är att dessa faktorer måste balansera gentemot de krav cheferna har i sitt uppdrag. De hälsofrämjande faktorer som cheferna själva upplever i sin arbetsmiljö försöker de på ett medvetet sätt överföra till medarbetarnas arbetsmiljö.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this qualitative study is to examine managers’ experiences of health promoting factors in their own working environment as well as how managers include these experiences in their performed leadership. The questions that are relevant to this study are: which health promoting factors do a manager percieve in their working environment and how does the managers transfer these health promoting factors to the employees’ working environment? The empirical data was collected by conducting two focus groups interviews. In total nine managers in two Swedish municipalities participated and the empirical data was condensed by using thematic analysis and three themes were identified: Structure, well-being and considered choices. Structure is regarded as a basic condition to perform in their work. Both managers’ and employees’ well-being contribute to managers’ perceived health, and managers consider their choices to promote their own and the employees’ health. These considered choices are expressed by positive attitudes. In conclusion, managers perceive several health promoting factors in their working environment. Support from colleagues, co-workers’ health and managers’ own health are some examples. However, crucial for managers’ health is that these factors are balanced with their work demands. The managers attempt to promote their perceived health to transfer to the employees’ work environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 19
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149408DiVA, id: diva2:1221693
Educational program
Master's Programme in Occupational Health
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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