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More secure attachment to the father and the mother is associated with fewer depressive symptoms in adolescents
Malardalen Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, S-72218 Vasteras, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3589-6113
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
2018 (English)In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 123, no 1, p. 62-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate whether more secure attachment to the father and the mother is associated with less depressive symptoms among adolescents, and to explore possible sex differences.

Method: A population-based sample of adolescents completed a school-based survey assessing demographic data, attachment to father and mother, as well as depressive symptoms. Participation rate was 80% of the eligible population, and 3,988 adolescents (1,937 boys and 2,051 girls) had complete data for the analyses.

Results: Paired samples t tests showed that participants rated their attachment to mothers as slightly more secure than their attachment to fathers (t = 15.94, P < 0.001; boys: t = 5.23, P < 0.001; girls: t = 16.16, P < 0.001). In linear regression analyses there was an association between the outcome, number of depressive symptoms, and more secure attachment to the mother for boys (B=-0.532; 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.656, -0.407, P < 0.001) and for girls (B = -0.623; 95% CI -0.730, -0.516, P < 0.001). Analogous results were found for more secure attachment to the father for boys (B = -0.499; 95% CI -0.608, -0.391, P < 0.001) and for girls (B = -0.494; 95% CI -0.586, -0.401, P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Understanding the relationship between attachment to both father and mother and depressive symptoms in adolescent boys and girls is essential for further development of strategies for prevention and treatment of depression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2018. Vol. 123, no 1, p. 62-67
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, attachment, depression, parents
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354544DOI: 10.1080/03009734.2018.1439552ISI: 000428060300008PubMedID: 29495912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-354544DiVA, id: diva2:1221687
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00897Stiftelsen Söderström - Königska sjukhemmet, SLS-559921, SLS-655791Åke Wiberg Foundation, M15-0239Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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