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Skolsköterskors erfarenhet av att förebygga kränkningar i skolor och på nätet: En kvalitativ studie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurses' experiences to prevent harassment in schools and on the internet : A qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Forskning visar på en stark koppling mellan elever som utsätts för kränkningar och på psykisk och fysisk ohälsa. Kränkningar som sker på nätet upplevs av tonåringar som extra skadligt på den mentala hälsan. Skolsköterskor har möjlighet att förebygga kränkningar och främja hälsa på tre olika nivåer; individ, mellanmänsklig och systemnivå.

Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka skolsköterskors erfarenhet av att förebygga kränkningar i skolor och på nätet.

Metod: Det användes en kvalitativ metod i studien och resultatet analyserades genom innehållsanalys. Sju skolsköterskor i Sverige har intervjuats via e-post.

Resultat: Tre kategorier framträdde i resultatet: att vara tillgänglig för elever och vårdnadshavare, att samtala med elever, och att samverka.

Konklusion: Studien visar att skolsköterskorna visar på bred erfarenhet av att förebygga kränkningar. Dessa erfarenheter beskrivs framförallt i det individinriktade- och mellanmänskliga arbetet. Arbetet på systemnivå tenderar att vara eftersatt. Fynd visar på varierad erfarenhet av normkritiskt perspektiv som arbetsmetod.

Abstract [en]

Background: Research shows a strong connection between pupils exposed to harassment and to physical and mental illness. Harassment occurring on the internet are perceived by teens as extra harmful to their mental health. School nurses have the opportunity to prevent harassment and to promote health on three different levels; individual,- interpersonal,- and system level.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to investigate the school nurses’ experiences in preventing harassment in schools and on the internet. 

Method: A qualitative methodology was used in the study and the results were analyzed by content analysis. Seven school nurses in Sweden have been interviewed by email. 

Result: Three categories appeared in the result: to be available to pupils and their guardians, to talk with pupils and to cooperate. 

Conclusion: The study shows that school nurses demonstrate broad experiences in preventing harassment. These experiences occur primarily in the individual-oriented and interpersonal work level. Experiences at the system level are less occuring. It appears there were varied experiences of norm-critical perspective as a working method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
School nurses, bullying, health promotion, mental health, internet
Keywords [sv]
Skolsköterskor, mobbning, hälsofrämjande, psykisk hälsa, internet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15734DiVA, id: diva2:1221501
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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