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Hamstringsruptur – en fotbollsspelares svåraste motståndare: En litteraturstudie framtagen för att hjälpa fotbollstränare att förebygga och behandla hamstringsrupturer
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hamstring strain – a soccer player 's most difficult opponent : A literature study presented to help soccer coaches to prevent and treat hamstring strains (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Fotboll är en av de mest skadedrabbade idrotterna. 70-90% av skadorna är lokaliserade i nedre extremiteter. Den vanligaste skadan är hamstringsruptur och utgör 37% av skador i nedre extremiteter. Det finns idag mycket forskning gjord på hamstringsrupturer hos manliga fotbollsspelare, men skadefrekvensen för hamstringsrupturen minskar inte.

Syfte: Studiens syfte är att bidra med ökad medvetenhet och kunskap om uppkomst, rehabilitering och preventiva åtgärder på hamstringsrupturer för tränare i manliga fotbollslag.

Metod: Studien har sammanställt redan befintlig litteratur om de valda område för att besvara studiens syfte. Studiens valda metod är en litteraturstudie.

Resultat: (1) Uppkomst: Höghastighetssprint & förlängning. (2) Rehabilitering: Individuell konservativ behandling. (3) Preventiva åtgärder: Excentriska övningar ex: Nordic hamstrings exercise, Asklings glider.

Slutsats: Mer kunskap behövs inom området, både för tränare och spelare i idrottsföreningar, och kunskapen måste presenteras på ett användbart sätt.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Soccer is one of the most injured sports. 70-90% of the injuries are located in the lower extremities. The most common injury is hamstring strain and accounts for 37% of lower limb damage. There is a lot of research done today on hamstring strains for male soccer players, but the injury rate for hamstring strains is not diminishing.

Purpose: This study wants to contribute to increased awareness and knowledge of the origin, rehabilitation and prevention of hamstring strains for coaches in male football teams.

Method: The study has complied already existing literature on the chosen areas to answer the purpose of the study. The chosen method on the study is a literature study.

Result: (1) Origin: High Speed Sprint & extension. (2) Rehabilitation: Individual conservative treatment. (3) Preventive measures: Eccentric exercises eg: Nordic hamstrings training, Askling Glider.

Conclusion: More knowledge is needed in the field, for both athletes and coaches, and the knowledge must be presented in a useful way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
hamstring strain, soccer players, rehabilitation, prevention
Keywords [sv]
hamstringsruptur, fotbollsspelare, rehabilitering, prevention
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149365OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149365DiVA, id: diva2:1221430
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20

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