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Hur må vi berätta om detta?: Forum för levande historias porträttering av Sovjetunionen.
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

My purpose is to analyses Forum för levande historias (FFLH) portrayal of the Soviet Union

during the time period of 1918-1953. My reason for doing this is to find out what nuances of

the Soviet Union FFLH finds important to present to the public, but also, to teachers and

student in the Swedish education system. My source material consists of historian Klas-

Göran Karlssons text Crimes against humanity during communist regimes and I’ve applied a

critical discourse analysis, along with several marxist theories of how language, ideology and

ideological reproduction manifests in society. However, since this is an essay focused on the

didactical aspect of history, I’ve also used theories that explains how ideologies use, and

reproduce history as a way to repress ideologies that doesn’t conform to a capitalist

reproduction of a society. The questions that I’ve asked are: How are the periods in the Soviet

Union during Lenin and Stalin’s chairmanship portrayed in the material? How does the

material portray the historical processes in the Soviet Union? And: Which types of

ideological naturalizations can be found in the text?

I’ve come the conclusion that FFLHs text, focuses on: 1) A strong connection between

Soviet politics and a discourse around “ethnic cleansings”, and that ethnic groups where

persecuted by both Lenin and Stalin. 2) Soviet politics, and especially Stalin, is connected to

a anti-Semitic and anti-Jewish ideology. 3) Soviet politics, in general, is portrayed as lacking

“legal basis” and is often ridiculed or rejected without a proper explanation as to what the

soviets wanted to achieve. 4) Historical processes and phenomenons are often portrayed

without a context, and also without different sides arguments, choices and opinions. 5) The

text is at some times prone to make speculative accusations, to enhance an ideological

agenda.

I’ve also concluded that, based on all of the remarks above, that FFLH material should be

used cautiously in an educational situation, since the material is ideologically biased, leaves

out certain aspects of the historical processes, and in doing so, to vilifies the soviets.

Futhermore, I’ve concluded that the vilification of the soviet union, and the anticommunist

agenda, has gone from a portrayal focused on “judeo-bolshevism”, where every

communist is a Jew, and every Jew is a communist, to the exact opposite – now the

bolsheviks are actively seeking out Jews in their midst, in order to persecute, and/or execute

this specific ethnic group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 51
Keywords [sv]
Forum för Levande Historia, Historiebruk, marxism, kommunism, Sovjetunionen
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67349OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67349DiVA, id: diva2:1221429
Subject / course
Historia; Historia
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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