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Women’s self-employment in Europe: What factors affects women’s self-employment in five regions in Europe?
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study aims to analyse women’s self-employment in five regions of Europe, namely

Northern Europe, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, North-West Europe and Western Europe

in two years, 2002 and 2016. To assess the factors affecting women’s self-employment in

Europe we base our analysis on push and pull theory and as far as the quantitative part is

concerned we estimate a probit model.

Our research questions are the following: What socio-economic factors influence women to

enter self-employment in the five regions of Europe? How are these factors related to the push

and pull theory? Is there a trend of convergence over time in the five European regions studied?

The main findings are that being women decreases the probability to become self-employed in

the five European regions, except in the Northern part of Europe. The result suggests that

women more often than men are pushed into self-employment as they have to balance work

with family. Being young (18-35) also decreases the probability of being self-employed

compared to middle age individual (36-50) in the year 2002 and 2016. Individuals with low and

medium-skill level have a lower probability of being self-employed in comparison to the

individual with high skill. Regarding the research questions, this study found that variable age

(18-36), age (51-65), married, children, medium education, high education, low skill and high

skill are factors that influence women in their decision to become self-employed. Observing the

change over time of self-employment, we found that the probability increases being selfemployed

in Southern Europe whereas it decreases in Northern Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 41
Keywords [en]
Women, Self-employment, North Europe, East Europe, South Europe, West Europe, North-West Europe, Push factors, Pull factors
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-76207OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-76207DiVA, id: diva2:1221270
Subject / course
Economics; Economics
Educational program
International Social Sciences Programme, specialization Global Studies, 180 credits; The Economics Programme, 180 credits
Presentation
2018-06-04, K2083, P G Vejdes väg, 351 95 Växjö, Växjö, 09:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-19 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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