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Does Lifestyle Affect the Attachment between Dogs, Canis familiaris, and Their Owner?
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate if the dog’s behaviour and the interactions between the dog and the owner   differ depending on lifestyle, breed or sex of the dog. For this we employed the Strange Situation Procedure, a test inspired from Mary Ainsworth´s study,   which investigated the attachment of human infants to their mothers. There were two breeds, Border collie and Shetland sheepdog and a total of 58 dogs that participated in this study. The two breeds were divided into two lifestyles, competition dogs and pet dogs. A PCA was used to find correlations between the behavioural variables and the factors were then analysed in a Mann Whitney U test to test the differences between breed, sex and lifestyle. In this study no differences in behaviour between the two lifestyles were shown. However, the results showed that there were some differences between the two breeds and between the two sexes in behavioural expressions. The differences between the breeds were quite expected because there are many different breeds today which are selected for various morphology and behavioural traits which could influence their behaviour. The difference in behaviour between the two sexes can be because of evolutionary heredity. Further studies on this subject should have bigger and more even sample size, longer separation time, a more balanced gender distribution of the owners and to also analyze the cortisol levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Attachment, dog-human bond, lifestyle, breed differences, sex differences
National Category
Behavioral Sciences Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148778ISRN: LITH-IFM-G-EX--18/3520--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-148778DiVA, id: diva2:1220862
Subject / course
Biology
Presentation
2018-05-30, BL32, Linköpings universitet 581 83, Linköping, 11:05 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-19 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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