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Copingstrategier för att bevara psykosocial hälsa för närstående som vårdar patienter med cancersjukdom: - En litteraturöversikt
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Minst var tredje person kommer under sin livstid att få en cancerdiagnos. Närstående till dessa personer kommer att spela en central roll i vårdandet. Att som närstående vårda beskrivs ofta som en stressande situation med psykiska och fysiska påfrestningar. Dessa påfrestningar hos närstående kan göra att de riskerar att drabbas av ohälsa. Hur dessa personer väljer att hantera situationen är individuellt och det är varje individs ansvar att se över sin hälsa och skapa strategier för att hantera dessa påfrestande situationer för att främja hälsan.

 

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva vilka copingstrategier närstående som vårdar patienter med cancersjukdom använder för att bevara den psykosociala hälsan.

 

Metod: En litteraturöversikt där artiklarna analyserades enligt en analysmodell av Friberg (2012). Artiklar lästes igenom, med fokus på resultat, för att kunna identifiera nyckelfynd. Varje artikels resultat sammanställdes och relaterades till varandra för att få fram nya teman. Orems egenvårdsteori användes vid resultatdiskussionen.

 

Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i fem huvudteman; Vårdgivande och coping, Kognitiva copingstrategier, Normaliserande copingstrategier, Instrumentella copingstrategier och Psykosociala faktorer. Copingstrategier som framkom var omdirigering av tankar, positivt tänkande, tro, hopp, acceptans, upprätthålla rutiner, stark fasad, jämförelse, stöd och information. Andra områden som framkommer i resultatet är hur närstående utvecklar copingstrategier och förutsättningar för att uppleva stöd, vinster med vårdgivande och coping samt relationen till hälso- och sjukvården.

 

Slutsats: Resultatet visar en variation på användandet av copingstrategier samt skillnader och likheter i förhållande till dessa. Den enskilda individens erfarenheter och kunskaper spelar också roll vid utveckling av dessa. Copingstrategier tycktes även vara knutna till individens personliga resurser samt egna färdigheter.

Abstract [en]

Background: At least every third person will be diagnosed with cancer during his/hers lifetime. Relatives, familymembers and friends to these persons will play a central role in caring. Being a care giving relative, a family member or a friend to a person diagnosed with cancer, is often described as a stressful situation with both mental and physical strain. These strains in close relationships may lead to poor health. How each caregiver chooses to handle the situation is individual and he/she has a responsibility to self-assess health and create strategies to promote these stressful health situations.

 

Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe which coping strategies relatives, familymembers or friends who care for patients with cancer disease use to maintain psychosocial health.

 

Method: A literature review where the articles were evaluated with an analysis model according to Friberg (2012). Articles were read trough, focusing on results, to identify key findings. The results of each article were compiled and related to each other in order to develop new themes. Orem's self-care theory was applied to the resultdiscussion.

 

Result: The results were presented in five main themes; Caregiving and coping, Cognitive coping strategies, Normalizing coping strategies, Instrumental coping strategies and Psychosocial factors. Coping strategies that emerged were redirecting thoughts, positive thinking, faith, hope, acceptance, maintaining routines, strong facade, comparison, support, and information. Other areas found in the results are how relatives, familymembers or friends develop coping strategies and conditions for experiencing support, benefits with care and coping and the relationship with healthcare professionals.

 

Conclusion: The results show a variation in the use of coping strategies as well as differences and similarities in relation to these. Individual's experiences and knowledge play a part in the development of these copingstrategies. Which coping strategies individuals choose also seemed to be linked to their personal resources as well as own skills.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 39
Keywords [en]
family caregiver, informal caregiver, coping strategies, cancer, psychosocial health
Keywords [sv]
familjevårdgivare, informell vårdgivare, copingstrategier, cancer, psykosocial hälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-354130DiVA, id: diva2:1220808
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-19 Created: 2018-06-19 Last updated: 2018-06-19Bibliographically approved

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