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Monitoring Kraft Recovery Boiler Fouling by Multivariate Data Analysis
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This work deals with fouling in the recovery boiler at Montes del Plata, Uruguay. Multivariate data analysis has been used to analyze the large amount of data that was available in order to investigate how different parameters affect the fouling problems. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Square Projection (PLS) have in this work been used. PCA has been used to compare average values between time periods with high and low fouling problems while PLS has been used to study the correlation structures between the variables and consequently give an indication of which parameters that might be changed to improve the availability of the boiler. The results show that this recovery boiler tends to have problems with fouling that might depend on the distribution of air, the black liquor pressure or the dry solid content of the black liquor. The results also show that multivariate data analysis is a powerful tool for analyzing these types of fouling problems. 

Abstract [sv]

Detta arbete handlar om inkruster i sodapannan pa Montes del Plata, Uruguay. Multivariat dataanalys har anvands for att analysera den stora datamangd som fanns tillganglig for att undersoka hur olika parametrar paverkar inkrusterproblemen. Principal·· Component Analysis (PCA) och Partial Least Square Projection (PLS) har i detta jobb anvants. PCA har anvants for att jamfora medelvarden mellan tidsperioder med hoga och laga inkrusterproblem medan PLS har anvants for att studera korrelationen mellan variablema och darmed ge en indikation pa vilka parametrar som kan tankas att andras for att forbattra tillgangligheten pa sodapannan. Resultaten visar att sodapannan tenderar att ha problem med inkruster som kan hero pa fdrdelningen av luft, pa svartlutens tryck eller pa torrhalten i svartluten. Resultaten visar ocksa att multivariat dataanalys ar ett anvandbart verktyg for att analysera dessa typer av inkrusterproblem. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 74
Keywords [en]
Recovery Boiler, Fouling, Multivariate Data Analysis, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Partial Least Square Projection (PLS)
Keywords [sv]
Sodapanna, Inkruster, Multivariat Dataanalys, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Partial Least Square Projection (PLS)
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-230906OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-230906DiVA, id: diva2:1220171
Educational program
Degree of Master - Macromolecular Materials
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2018-06-18 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved

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