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Skolsköterskors arbete med sex- och samlevnadsundervisning
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurses work with education on sexuality- and interpersonal relations (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning har visat att elever tycker att sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen är undermålig. Dessutom skiftar metoder och innehåll i sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen mellan olika skolor. Elevhälsans kompetens tas inte alltid till vara. Att arbeta hälsofrämjande är en grundsten i skolsköterskors profession och där ingår att främja elevers sexuella hälsa. För att förbättra det hälsofrämjande arbetet avseende den sexuella hälsan samt sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen i allmänhet är det viktigt att få en ökad förståelse för hur skolsköterskor arbetar med sex- och samlevnadsundervisning idag. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur skolsköterskor arbetar med sex- och samlevnadsundervisning. Metod: Åtta skolsköterskor verksamma på högstadiet eller gymnasiet intervjuades via mejl och telefon. Datamaterialet analyserades med kvalitativ innebördsanalys. Resultat: I resultatet framkom fem teman; Att undervisa i sex- och samlevnad kräver kunskap, öppenhet och följsamhet; Samtalet öppnar upp för möjligheten att tala om sex- och samlevnad; Betydelsen och utmaningar med att arbeta med nyanlända elever; Skolsköterskors vilja att lyfta HBTQ och att hålla sig normkritisk samt; Att uppleva samarbete med andra professioner som något positivt och önskvärt. Konklusion: Studien kan bidra till ökad förståelse för skolsköterskors arbete med sex- och samlevnadsundervisning. Skolsköterskor har tystnadsplikt och utgår från elevers livsvärld och kan således utgöra en värdefull roll i undervisningen. Det vore positivt om skolsköterskor involverades mer i sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen, dock behöver de avsätta mer tid för att prioritera sådant arbete. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research has shown that students often find the sexual- and interpersonal relation education in school to be deficient. Furthermore the methods and the content of sex and social education varies between schools. The competence of the school health team is often overlooked and not taken advantage of in the education. Health promotion is fundamental in the work of a school nurse to promote sexual health. In order to improve sexual health and the sexual education of students in general it is important to understand how school nurses work with education on sexuality- and interpersonal relations today. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe how school nurses work with sex and social education. Method: Eight interviews were conducted by e-mail and telephone with school nurses working with adolescents between ages 12-18. Data was analyzed using a qualitative meaning analysis. Results: The analysis demonstrated five themes; teaching in sex and social education demands knowledge, openness and adherence; the individual health interview opens up the opportunity to talk about sex and to educate the student; the meaning and the challenges when working with newly arrived immigrants and refugees, the school nurses willingness to talk about HBTQ and to ensure norm-critical approach is being used, and; To experience cooperation with other professions as something positive and desirable. Conclusion: The study may have contributed to a deeper understanding of how school nurses work with sexual- and interpersonal relation education. School nurses provide professional secrecy and teach based on the students' life world perspective, that can make school nurses an important part in the education. It would be valuable if the school nurses were more involved in the education, although they need to have more time to make it possible to prioritize that. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, nurse, sexual education, sexual health, student health
Keywords [sv]
Elevhälsa, sex-och samlevnadsundervisning, sexuell hälsa, sjuksköterska, ungdomar
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15656OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15656DiVA, id: diva2:1220113
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Specialist Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-18 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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