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Intern kommunikation och medarbetarnas motivation: En kvalitativ studie på en offentlig organisation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies. (Kerstin Evertsson och Faiy Wongsong)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Internal communication and employee’s motivation : A qualitative study on a public organization (English)
Abstract [en]

Communication is something that all individuals depend on and has a major impact on employee job satisfaction. When it comes down to communication, it is one of the most important things that connects people. Without communication companies can't function properly, but through its use there can be a motivating effect for the company’s employees. Even though a large part of the working day consists of conversing, within a company this can often be difficult to manage.

An organization uses several different internal communication channels, such as Face-to-Face, computers, phones and TV. There are several ways that these internal channels of communication can move through the company. It can be from the managers of the company to employee, referred to as downward communication. It can also move from employee to manager, this is referred as upward communication and there is internal conversing between two employees which is called horizontally oriented communication.

The employee's job satisfaction is very individual and there are different things that can affect one's happiness at work. The way in which employee satisfaction can be measured by one famous researcher's two-factor theory. Herzberg reported this theory for the first time in the mid-20th century and it has influenced several types of organizations around the world. The theory that two types of factors affects an employee's satisfaction, are hygiene factors and motivational factors. The factors that affects a person is individual, nevertheless there are some factors that are in the forefront during this research and they are relatively similar to all research subjects.

There were nine subjects, who have participated in this qualitative study, they come from the same public organization but they come from different departments. Their answers came from semi-structured interviews, where all research subjects will be completely anonymous. Within the answers there is one factor that is significantly more influenced that addresses both internal communication and job satisfaction.

Abstract [sv]

Kommunikation är något som alla individer är beroende av och det är kommunikation som knyter oss samman. Organisationer kan inte klara sig utan kommunikation och kommunikation kan ha en motiverande effekt för en organisations medarbetare. Kommunikation inom den offentliga organisationen kan vara svår att hantera även om större delar av arbetsdagen består av kommunikation. En organisation kan använda flera olika interna kommunikationskanaler exempelvis personliga kontakter, datorer, telefoner och tv. Det finns flera vägar som den interna kommunikationen kan röra sig via, det kan var från chef till medarbetare (nedåtriktad). Den kan även röra sig från medarbetare till chef (uppåtriktad) och det finns intern kommunikation som rör sig mellan medarbetarna, vilket kallas för horisontell kommunikation.

Medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse är individuell och finns olika faktorer som kan påverka arbetstillfredsställelsen. Medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse kan mätas med hjälp av Herzberg tvåfaktorsteori. Herzberg redovisade sin teori i mitten av 1900-talet och den har påverkat flera typer av organisationer runt om i världen. Teorin har två typer av faktorer som kan påverka medarbetarnas arbetstillfredsställelse, dessa faktorer är hygien- och motivationsfaktorer. Den faktor som påverkar individen mest är som sagt individuell, men det finns några faktorer som står i framkant under denna undersökning och är relativt lika hos alla respondenter.

Nio respondenter har deltagit i denna kvalitativa undersökning, de kommer från samma offentliga organisation men från olika avdelningar. Svaren arbetades fram genom semistrukturerade intervjuer där alla respondenter är helt anonyma. Inom svaren finns det en faktor som är betydligt mer påverkade som behandlar både intern kommunikation och arbetstillfredsställelse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Communication, Internal communication, Communication channels, Job satisfaction, Coworkers
Keywords [sv]
Kommunikation, Intern kommunikation, Kommunikationskanaler, Arbetstillfredsställelse, Medarbetare
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353978OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353978DiVA, id: diva2:1220032
Subject / course
Business Studies
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Business Studies
Presentation
2018-06-01, uppsala universitet campus gotland sal E35, Cramérgatan 3,, VISBY, 11:46 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-18 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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