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Symtomförekomst och noceboeffekter hos individer med byggnadsrelaterad ohälsa
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Byggnadsrelaterad ohälsa (BRO) är en av flera miljökänsligheter. De två konstrukten modern hälsooro (MHO) och somatosensorisk förstärkning (SSA) har båda visat sig kopplade till nocebo och de uppvisas ofta hos personer med miljökänsligheter. Det första syftet med uppsatsen var att öka förståelsen för vilka symtom som kännetecknar BRO, vilket undersöktes via 20 items utvalda från The Idiopathic Enviromental Intolerance Symtom Inventory (IEISI) vilka överensstämmer med WHOs lista över BRO-symtom. Det andra syftet var att öka kunskapen om vilken roll nocebo har i BRO, vilket undersöktes via Modern Health Worries (MHWS) och Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS). Data inhämtades från en pågående studie vid Umeå Universitet. Urvalsgruppen utgjordes av 79 individer som uppgett att de upplevde BRO-symtom varje vecka. Data analyserades via korrelationsanalyser. Gruppen uppvisade variation i vilka och hur många symtom individerna rapporterade. Resultatet från korrelationsanalyserna visade sammantaget på att nocebo inte hade en betydande roll i rapporterandet av BRO-symtom i urvalsgruppen. Studien visade att gruppen med BROpatienter varken oroade sig mer än norm eller var särskilt känsliga för sensoriska intryck.

Abstract [en]

Building Related Illness (BRI) is one of several environmental sensitivities. The two constructs Modern Health Worries (MHW) and Somatosensory Amplification (SSA) have both been shown to be linked to nocebo and are often reported by people with environmental sensitivities. The first purpose of this paper was to increase the understanding of symptoms that characterize BRI, which was investigated via 20 items selected from The Idiopathic Enviromental Intolerance Symptom Inventory (IEISI) that complies with WHO's list of BRI symptoms. The second purpose was to increase knowledge about the role of nocebo in BRI, which was investigated via Modern Health Worries Scale (MHWS) and Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS). Data was obtained from an ongoing study at Umeå University. The sample consisted of 79 individuals who reported that they experienced BRI symptoms each week. Data was analyzed via correlation analyzes. The group showed variability concerning which and how many symptoms the individuals reported. The results from the correlation analyzes showed that nocebo did not play a significant role in the reporting of BRI symptoms in the selection group. The study showed that the group of BRI patients neither worry more than the norm nor was particularly sensitive to sensory impressions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
BRI, MHW, SSA, Nocebo
Keywords [sv]
BRO, MHO, SSA, Nocebo
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149104OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149104DiVA, id: diva2:1219180
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Presentation
2018-05-24, Umeå Universitet, Humanisthuset, Biblioteksgränd 3, 907 36 Umeå, Umeå, 08:15 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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