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Integration av underentreprenörer vid outsourcing: En fallstudie på projektet Skanska Slussen
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Business Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Problem: Byggbranschen är en av de större industrisektorerna som lyckas skapa minst integration. Branschens projektbaserade karaktär och höga fragmentering utgör en betydande utmaning för att involvera berörda parter. Forskarna i denna studie anser det finnas en brist i hur organisationer inom byggbranschen går tillväga för att integrera sina underentreprenörer.

Syfte: Studiens syfte har varit att skapa förståelse för de behov och implikationer outsourcing medför i praktiken samt hur dessa optimeras för att nyttja outsourcingens fulla potential. Genom att undersöka en stor aktörs tillvägagångssätt att integrera sina underentreprenörer i en projektbaserad bransch ämnar studien bidra med ökad kunskap för hur integrering kan ske när en organisation väljer att outsourca delar av sin verksamhet.

Metod: Studien har använt sig utav semistrukturerade intervjuer samt en av studiens forskares utförda observation som en del av det empiriska underlaget. Intervjuerna skedde med tre av Skanskas anställda: inköpsansvarige, logistikansvarige samt blockchef för SN81. Sedan genomfördes intervjuer med två underentreprenörer och en andraleds-underentreprenör: VSM, Bellmans och Olderin.

Slutsats: Integration sker genom kontrakt, strategiska samarbeten och genom informationsdelning. Genom kontraktering och avtal med specifika krav försöker Skanska upprätthålla de standarder och tillvägagångssätt som de anser vara betydande. Som resultat av de strategiska samarbeten och långsiktiga relationer Skanska har skapas ett beroendeförhållande till UE. Outsourcing av verksamhetsområden bidrar till minskad kunskap, insyn och kontroll av verksamheten. Till följd av att Skanska skapar självständiga arbeten och förstärker relationen mellan enheter minskas osäkerheten. Med hjälp av kontrollverktyg minskar Skanska risken för opportunistiskt beteende hos UE.

Abstract [en]

Problem: The construction industry is one of the major industrial sectors that has created the least integration. The industry's project-based character and high fragmentation contributes to a significant challenge for involving stakeholders. The researchers in this study believe there is a shortage in literature of how organizations in the construction industry manages to integrate their subcontractors.

Purpose: The purpose of the study has been to create a clear understanding of the needs and implications of outsourcing in practice and how these are optimized to utilize the full potential of outsourcing. By studying a major actor's approach to integrate its subcontractors in a projectbased industry, the study aims to provide increased knowledge of how integration can be successful when an organization chooses to outsource parts of its production.

Method: This study has used semi-structured interviews and one of the researcher’s observations as part of the empirical basis. The interviews took place with three of Skanska's employees: purchasing manager, logistics manager and block manager for SN81. Following interviews were conducted with two subcontractors and one sub-subcontractor: VSM, Bellmans and Olderin.

Conclusion: Integration takes place through contracts, strategic partnerships and information sharing. Through contracting and agreements with specific requirements, Skanska tries to maintain the standards and approaches that they consider to be significant. As a result of the strategic partnerships and long-term relationships Skanska has created an interdependence to the subcontractors. Outsourcing of business areas contributes to reduced knowledge, insight and control of operations. As a result of Skanska's creation of self-contained tasks and creation of lateral relations, uncertainty is reduced. With the help of control tools, Skanska reduces the risk of opportunistic behaviour among subcontractors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 56
Keywords [en]
Logistics, supply chain management, information processing, integration, contract, construction industry, Skanska
Keywords [sv]
Logistik, supply chain management, informationsbearbetning, integration, kontrakt, byggbranschen, Skanska
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35628OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-35628DiVA, id: diva2:1219031
Subject / course
Business Studies
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved

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