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Jag är mer än ett hjärta: Patienters erfarenheter av att ha drabbats av Takotsubo syndrom: en intervjustudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
I am more than a heart : Patients' experience of being affected by Takotsubo syndrome: an interview study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Takotsubo syndrom är en akut och reversibel hjärtsvikt som vanligen orsakas av psykisk eller fysisk påfrestning. Det är främst kvinnor i postmenopausal ålder som drabbas, men förekommer hos båda könen och i alla åldrar. Patofysiologin vid Takotsubo syndrom är fortfarande inte klarlagd och det råder brist på forskning vad gäller patienternas erfarenheter av att drabbas av sjukdomen.

Syfte: Att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av att ha drabbats av Takotsubo syndrom.

Metod: En kvalitativ explorativ studie med 11 semistrukturerade intervjuer som analyserades med innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att patienter upplever en process från insjuknande till återhämtning som innefattar att söka svar och förståelse för bakomliggande orsaker, att drabbas av känslomässiga reaktioner och ett behov av stöd. Resultatet visade också att sjukdomen ledde till förändring i tillvaron.

Slutsats: Fynden i resultatet visar att patienter som drabbats av Takotsubo syndrom upplever en process av att anpassa sig till en ny livssituation genom vägledning för att uppnå välbefinnande. Detta kan uppnås genom personcentrerad vård.

 

Nyckelord: Kvalitativ metod, Patienterfarenheter, Personcentrerad vård, Takotsubo syndrom

 

Abstract [en]

Background: Takotsubo syndrome is an acute and reversible type of heart failure syndrome that is usually caused by psychological or physical stress. Postmenopausal women are primarily affected, but the syndrome occur in both genders and in all ages. The pathophysiology of Takotsubo syndrome is still unclear and there is a lack of research regarding patients' experience of the disease.

Purpose: To describe patients' experience of being affected by Takotsubo syndrome.

Method: A qualitative interview study with 11 semi-structured interviews was undertaken and analyzed with content analysis.

Result: The results showed that patients experienced a process from onset to recovery that involves seeking answers and understanding of underlying causes, that they suffered from emotional reactions and needed support. The result also showed that the disease led to a change in the participants' daily lives.

Conclusion: The findings in the results show that patients described a process of adapting to a new life situation through guidance to achieve well-being which could be done by person centered care.

Keywords: Patient experience, Person-centered care, Takotsubo syndrome, Qualitative method

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 15
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40380ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-2-20180373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40380DiVA, id: diva2:1218651
External cooperation
Carolin Nymark
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-18 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-18Bibliographically approved

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