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Enhancing Filament Quality and Investigations on Print Quality of Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE) products manufactured by Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)”: Developing a robust methodology by optimizing the respective process variables
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science. (FUNCTIONAL SURFACES RESEARCH GROUP)
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science. (FUNCTIONAL SURFACES RESEARCH GROUP)
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Additive manufacturing is gaining popularity at a rapid rate and has been a resourceful production process to reduce material usage, wastage (scrap) and manufacturing costs for various applications. The project conducted, emphasizes on Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE SE6300C-65A) material, which is a highly versatile compound, and has the ability to exhibit properties of both rubber (Elastomers) in terms of flexibility and plastic (Polymers) in terms of recyclability. Cost reduction without compromising quality is one of the important factors for industries. The project involves the use of TPE pellets to extrude filaments that could be used for 3D Printing. Filament extrusion involves process variables like Nozzle Temperature, De-humidification of pellets, Diameter of the nozzle, Distance of collection, Cooling and Angle of inclination of the extruder. These process variables are optimized to accomplish the desired quality of filament. The filament produced through extrusion is further used to make products using Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM). FDM also involves numerous process variables like Layer Thickness, Build Orientation, Print Infill, Print Speed etc. In this study, different test specimens, in terms of geometrical shapes are printed from the material, TPE SE6300C-65A and tested in order to understand how the surface features as well as the dimensional accuracy change with different process variables.

It is observed that the surface topography produced throughout FDM process is majorly affected by the angle of orientation of the printed part. The main goal of this thesis is to give the reader a better understanding on which process variable, such as layer thickness, temperature and print speed affect the surface roughness of the models and also a comparison between these three variables, highlighting which is more or less affecting. It is also observed the dimensional accuracy of the real specimen deviate from the value input into the CAD software. The results obtained in this study clearly suggest that there is a lot of opportunities for future improvements especially regarding the dimensional accuracy, it is imperative to achieve the highest precision possible in order to have commercial values for the FDM 3D printing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 66
Keywords [en]
FILAMENT EXTRUSION, FUSED DEPOSITION MODELING (FDM), THERMO PLASTIC ELASTOMER (TPE), SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY, DIMENSIONAL ACCURACY
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-37045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-37045DiVA, id: diva2:1217979
External cooperation
HGF
Subject / course
Mechanical Engineering
Educational program
Master's Programme in Mechanical Engineering, 60 credits
Presentation
2018-05-18, O103, O BUILDING, HALMSTAD UNIVERSITY, HALMSTAD, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved

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