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Utvärdering av aktivt B12 som markör vid bristanemiutredningar
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Evaluation of active B12 as diagnostic marker in deficiency anemia investigation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Avsaknad av en ”gyllene standard” och en låg sensitivitet hos förstahandsmarkören total B12 har varit de stora begränsningarna i diagnostiken av vitamin B12-brist anemier. Med syftet att förbättra diagnostiken av bristanemier vid Länssjukhuset Ryhov, Jönköping utvärderades användningen av aktivt B12 vid bristanemiutredningar och en metodverifiering för analysen genomfördes på ARCHITECT i2000SR. Sambandet mellan aktivt B12 och totalt B12 undersöktes med en korrelationsanalys för totalt B12-nivåer: låg (n=10, <148 pmol/L), gråzonen (n=10, 149–200 pmol/L) och normal (n=10, 201-250 pmol/L). För bestämning av träffsäkerheten hos aktivt B12 studerades 14 bristanemifall. Ett receiver operating characteristic (ROC) diagram skapades och arean under kurvan (AUC) beräknades. Variationskoefficient (CV) för mellanliggande- och inomserieprecision för aktivt B12 var 4,4 % respektive 2,4 %. Svag korrelation observerades i alla B12-nivåer, men sammantaget resulterade nivåerna i en medelstark korrelation (R=0,600). Aktivt B12 med ett gränsvärde på 40 pmol/L resulterade i en hög specificitet (75 %) och sensitivitet (80 %) med en AUC på 90 %. Analys av aktivt B12 på ARCHITECT i2000SR möjliggör en precis mättning av aktivt B12 i humant serum och därför är lämplig för rutinmässig användning. Träffsäkerheten hos aktivt B12 var hög och markören kan därmed rekommenderas för användning vid bristanemiutredningar vid Länssjukhuset Ryhov, Jönköping.

Abstract [en]

Diagnosis of vitamin B12-defiency anemia has been challenging due to lack of ”gold standard” and poor sensitivity of total B12 as a first line marker. With the aim of improving diagnostic of anemia investigations at county hospital Ryhov, Jönköping, we performed a method verification for active B12 on ARCHITECT i2000SR and evaluated the usefulness of active B12 in diagnosing anemia. Correlation analysis was performed using samples with different total B12 ranges: low (n=10, <148 pmol/L), grey zone (n=10, 149-200 pmol/L) and normal (n=10, 201-250 pmol/L). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was created and area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for determining accuracy of active B12 using 14 deficiency cases. Coefficient of variation (CV) for within-run and total imprecision, for active B12 was 2,4 % and 4,4 %, respectively. Weak correlation was found between B12-ranges, however a moderate correlation (R=0,600) was found including all groups. Active B12 with the cut-off value of 40 pmol/L resulted in high specificity (75%) and sensitivity (80%) and had an AUC of 90 %. Active B12 assay on ARCHITECT i2000SR allows a precise measurement of active B12 in human serum and therefore is adequate for routine use. Active B12 had high accuracy and can be recommended in anemia investigations in county hospital Ryhov, Jönköping.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
active B12, deficiency, anemia, accurancy
Keywords [sv]
aktivt B12, brist, anemi, träffsäkerhet
National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-40351ISRN: JU-HHJ-BLA-1-20180072OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-40351DiVA, id: diva2:1217937
Subject / course
HHJ, Biomedical Laboratory Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved

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