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Arbetsterapeutens erfarenheter av arbete med teknikstöd i skolan för elever med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational Therapists’ Experiences of Working with Assistive Technology in Schools for Students with Cognitive Disabilities : A qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Elever med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar har ofta nedsättningar av de exekutiva förmågorna. Denna målgrupp har ett stort mörkertal i skolan och får därför inte alltid det stöd de behöver i skolan, vilket kan leda till elevernas delaktighet i skolaktiviteter inskränks. Studien syftar därför till att beskriva hur arbetsterapeuter arbetar med teknikstöd för att främja delaktighet i skolaktiviteter för elever med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar. Studien är en empirisk undersökning vars forskningsmetod är en kvalitativ intervjustudie. Studiens deltagare är legitimerade arbetsterapeuter som arbetar på skolor runt om i Sverige. I resultatet presenteras tre huvudteman som beskriver att arbetsterapeuten arbetar i en process för att utforma elevernas teknikstöd, som kan vara hög- eller lågteknologiska som förebygger eller kompenserar för elevernas svårigheter. Genom att handleda skolans övriga personal kan arbetsterapeuten få stöd i arbetet med teknikstöd för att främja elevers delaktighet i skolans aktiviteter. De utmaningar som arbetsterapeuten möter i sitt arbete är lärarnas attityd och kunskap om teknikstöd, vilket påverkar arbetsterapeutens samarbete kring teknikstöd. Slutsatsen är att eftersom att arbetsterapeuter fortfarande håller på att etablera sig i skolan så påverkas deras arbete med teknikstöd av det. Hade detta varit en etablerad verksamhet för arbetsterapeuter hade deras arbete med teknikstöd fått ytterligare stöd från yttre faktorer.

Abstract [en]

Students with cognitive disabilities often have reduced executive skills. It is not known exactly how many students with cognitive disabilities there are in schools and therefore they do not always receive the support they need. Lack of support can lead to reduced participation in school activities. The study therefore aims to describe how occupational therapists work with assistive technology to promote participation in school activities for students with cognitive disabilities. This is an empirical study whose research method is the qualitative interview. The participants were registered occupational therapists working at schools around Sweden. The results present three main themes describing the occupational therapist’s working process for designing assistive technology. Assistive technology can be high or low tech, and may prevent or compensate for difficulties. By tutoring school staff, the occupational therapists can get support in their work on assistive technology. The challenges faced by the occupational therapists in their work are the teachers' attitude towards and knowledge of assistive technology, which affect the collaboration with therapists on assistive technology. The conclusion is that since occupational therapists are still becoming established in schools, their work on assistive technology is affected. Had occupational therapy already been established in schools, their work with assistive technology would have received further support from the politic and economic environment, as well as other professionals in school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Occupational Therapy, Participation, Classroom Environment, Child, Intervention
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Delaktighet, Klassrumsmiljö, Barn, Intervention
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-148414OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-148414DiVA, id: diva2:1215760
Subject / course
Degree Project in Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-06-09 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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