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Fysioterapeuters upplevelser och erfarenheter av fysioterapi postpartum
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Kvinnosjukvården i Sverige idag har stor förbättringspotential då det bland annat saknas riktlinjer kring behandling och uppföljning av bristningar i bäckenbottenmuskulaturen. Förlossningsskador kan påverka livskvaliteten hos den drabbade. Fysioterapeuter kan vara behjälpliga med rehabiliteringen av dessa.

Syfte och frågeställning

Syftet var att ta reda på fysioterapeuters upplevelser och erfarenheter av att arbeta med fysioterapi postpartum.

Design och metod

En kvalitativ explorativ och deskriptiv design användes och studien baserades på semistrukturerade intervjuer av fem fysioterapeuter. Intervjumaterialet bearbetades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim et al.

Resultat

Under databearbetningen framkom fem kategorier med totalt 14 subkategorier. Kategorierna var kultur och synsätt, vårdmötet, patienten, positiva aspekter av yrket samt utveckling. Det som beskrevs var bland annat en önskan om att fysioterapeuter ska bli en större del av mödravården, bortprioritering av kvinnosjukvård, bristen på riktlinjer, att patienterna ofta har stora besvär trots tidigare uppföljning i mödravården samt glädjen i yrket.

Konklusion

Fysioterapeuter upplever sig ha en viktig roll i rehabiliteringen efter förlossningsskador, och önskar att få en större roll i mödravården. Kvinnosjukvård upplevs inte ha hög prioritet inom fysioterapeutisk grundutbildning, och informanterna efterfrågar svenska riktlinjer kring rehabilitering efter gynekologisk kirurgi och kejsarsnitt. Fysioterapeuter upplever dock att arbetet är roligt och att de har tacksamma patienter de kan göra stor skillnad för. Vidare forskning kring fysioterapi efter förlossning anses vara nödvändigt.

Nyckelord

Physiotherapy, experiences, women’s health, post partum care. 

Abstract [en]

Background

Women's healthcare in Sweden today has great potential of improvement, as there is, among other things, no guidelines for treatment and follow-up of injuries to the pelvic floor muscles. These injuries can affect the quality of life. Physiotherapists can assist with the rehabilitation of these conditions.

Purpose

The purpose was to investigate physiotherapists experiences of physiotherapy after childbirth.

Design and method

A qualitative, explorative and descriptive design was used and was based on semi structured interviews. Five physiotherapists were interviewed and the material was processed using qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim et al.

Results

Five categories emerged during the data analysis, with a total of 14 subcategories. The categories were culture and approach, the patient meeting, the patient, positive aspects of the profession and progress. What was described was, among other things, the desire for physiotherapists to become a bigger part of maternity care, the prioritization of women’s health care, the lack of guidelines, the patient often having problems despite previous follow- up in the maternity care and the joy of the profession.

Conclusion

Physiotherapists experience that they have an important role in rehabilitation after maternal injuries and wish to have a greater role in rehabilitation in maternity care. Women’s health care is not percieved as a high priority in physioterapeutic primary education. The informants perceive a need for Swedish guidelines for rehabilitation after gynecological surgery and cesarean sections. Physiotherapists, however, find that the work is fun and that they have grateful patients they can make a big difference to. Further research on physical therapy after child birth is considered necessary.

Key words

Physiotherapy, experiences, women’s health, post partum care. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Physiotherapy, experiences, women's health, post partum care
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351920OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-351920DiVA, id: diva2:1211644
Educational program
Physiotherapy programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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