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Upplevelser av dans hos personer med ryggmärgsskada - ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy. (E-post:)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Inom fysioterapin ser man på individen utifrån ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv. ”International Classification of Function, Disability and Health” (ICF) är ett ramverk för att mäta hälsa ur ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv. Kunskapen om hur dans som fysisk aktivitet påverkat personer med ryggmärgsskada är bristfällig. Det saknas kvalitativa studier inom området. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur personer med ryggmärgsskada upplever dans ur ett bio-psyko-socialt perspektiv. Metod: Metoden var kvalitativ och induktiv, baserad på semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem informanter: två män och tre kvinnor i åldrarna 21–57 år som dansat i rullstol mellan 2–33 år. Data analyserades med innehållsanalys. Resultat: Informanterna upplevde kroppslig påverkan: Förbättrad styrka, kondition, rörlighet, koordination och balans. Ändrad kroppsuppfattning (fått mer kontakt med kroppen). De hade även fått minskad smärta. De upplevde personlig påverkan: Psykiskt välmående (ökad self-efficacy, förbättrad självkänsla och glädje) samt fysiskt välmående. Dansen hade även varit ångestframkallande. De upplevde att de hade påverkats omgivningsmässigt: Socialt (fått nya vänner, upplevt unik gemenskap och utvecklat socialt samspel). De hade mött acceptans, viss okunskap men fått stöd från närstående. De upplevde påverkan på aktivitets- och delaktighetsnivå: Mer självständig i vardagen (de hade blivit bättre på förflyttningar). Delaktig i samhället (deltar i fler aktiviteter, delaktig i att påverka samhället). Konklusion: Personer med ryggmärgsskada upplever att dans har många positiva effekter bio-psyko-socialt. Fysioterapeuter och andra yrkesverksamma inom vård och omsorg, samt personer med ryggmärgsskada behöver få kunskap om vinsterna av dans som fysisk aktivitet för personer med ryggmärgsskada så att fler kan få del av dansens fördelar. 

Abstract [en]

Background: In physiotherapy you look at the individual through a bio-psycho-social perspective. “International Classification of Function, Disability and Health” (ICF) is an instrument to measure health from a bio-psycho-social perspective. The knowledge about how dance as a physical activity effects people with spinal cord injury is insufficient. Qualitative research in this area is nonexistent.     Purpose: The purpose with the study was to examine people with spinal cord injury’s experiences with dance as a physical activity in a bio-psycho-social manner. Method: The study design was qualitative and inductive, based on semi-structured interviews with five study-participants: two men and three women in the ages 21-57, who had been dancing in wheelchair 2-33 years. The data was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The participants experienced that dancing had an impact on bodily functions: improved strength, condition, flexibility, coordination and balance. Changes in body perception (more contact with the body). They had also reduced pain. They experienced effects in personal factors: Psychological wellbeing (improved self-efficacy, self-esteem and joy) and physical wellbeing. The dance had also been generating anxiety. They experienced impact on factors involving their surroundings: social (they got more friends, experienced a unique fellowship and developed social interaction skills). They had met acceptance, some ignorance but support from close ones. They experienced impact on their activity and participation: More independent in daily life (they had become better in locomotion). Participating in the community (participating in more activities, participating in having an impact on the community). Conclusion: People with spinal cord injury experience that dancing has many positive outcomes on bio-psycho-social factors.  Physiotherapists and other professionals in health care, and people with spinal cord injury need to get knowledge about the profits of dance as a physical activity for people with spinal cord injury so that more people can take part of the benefits of dancing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
dance – spinal cord injury – qualitative – bio-psycho-social – physiotherapy – wheelchair dancing
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351741OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-351741DiVA, id: diva2:1211131
Educational program
Physiotherapy programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-19 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2018-06-19Bibliographically approved

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