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Pathways to Adulthood: Sequences in the School-to-Work Transition in Finland, Norway and Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2019 (English)In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 141, no 3, p. 1285-1305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on youth transitions often follows the lines of classic welfare state typologies. Thus, given the institutional similarities, the transition from youth to adulthood in the Nordic countries has often been considered a specific type of trajectory. However, little research exists on how country differences within the Nordic cluster shape young people’s pathways from education to work. Thus, little is known about intra-Nordic variations caused by national labour market regulations and social safety nets (e.g. parental insurance, public day care and unemployment security). In this article, we use sequence analysis to examine the transition process from school to work in Finland, Norway and Sweden and to find how these processes are linked to family formation patterns. The results indicate that Finland, Norway and Sweden to a great extent share the same general types of school-to-work trajectories. The role of family establishment in workforce entry trajectories, on the other hand, differs in some respects. There is a very strong link between early parenthood among Finnish women and trajectories leading to labour market exclusion. This is interpreted in light of the Finnish labour market and family policy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 141, no 3, p. 1285-1305
Keywords [en]
Youth transitions, Nordic countries, Register data, Sequence analysis, Family-friendly politics
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-154648DOI: 10.1007/s11205-018-1877-4ISI: 000457607100016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-154648DiVA, id: diva2:1194889
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-04 Last updated: 2019-03-04Bibliographically approved

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Bäckman, Olof
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