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Arbetsterapeuters kunskaper och erfarenheter av sitt arbete med bostadsanpassningsärenden: En kvalitativ studie
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I takt med att befolkningen lever längre och åldersstrukturen förändras har samhället genomfört en satsning för att äldre ska kunna bo kvar hemma så länge som möjligt, den så kallade Kvarboendeprincipen. Följden är att vårdrelaterade insatser har ökat i hemmet där bostadsanpassning är en insats som möjliggör kvarboende längre. För att få en bostadsanpassning krävs det att en arbetsterapeut, eller annan sakkunnig, intygar att behovet finns genom att bedöma personens funktionsnedsättning relaterat till det som utgör ett hinder för aktivitetsutförande. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva arbetsterapeuters kunskaper och erfarenheter av sin roll i bostadsanpassningsprocessen samt hur arbetsterapeuten involverar klienten i denna process. Tio arbetsterapeuter med minst två års arbetserfarenhet inom bostadsanpassningsområdet intervjuades genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet framhäver arbetsterapeutens olika roller gentemot klienten och bostadsanpassningsenheten. Resultatet belyser även etiska dilemman och vikten av den praxisbaserade kunskapen. Vidare skulle en tydligare processbeskrivning och ökad vetenskaplig grund bidra till en mer jämlik vård för klienten, där både vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet används. 

Abstract [en]

As people live longer and the age structure changes, society has carried through an initiative to allow older people to live at home as long as possible, the so-called principle remaining living at home. The consequence is that health care related activities have increased in the home where housing adaptation is an initiative that enables remain living at home longer. To get a home modification requires that an occupational therapist, or other expert, certify that the need exists by assessing the person's disability related to that constitutes a barrier to occupational performance. The purpose of this study is to describe occupational therapists knowledge and experience of its role in the home modification process and how the occupational therapist involves the client in this process. Ten occupational therapists with at least two years of work experience in the field of home modifications were interviewed through semi-structured interviews. The result highlights the occupational therapist has different roles towards the client and home adaptation unit. The result also highlights the ethical dilemmas and the importance of the practice-based knowledge. Furthermore, a clearer process description and increased scientific basis would contribute to a more equitable care for the client, where both science and proven experience in use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Occupational therapy, home modification, certificates, practice-based knowledge, client- centered
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, bostadsanpassning, intyg, praxisbaserad kunskap, klientcentrering
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-145668DiVA, id: diva2:1190183
Subject / course
Degree Project in Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-03-13 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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