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Private finance for adaptation: do private realities meet public ambitions?
Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik/ German Development Institute (DIE), Bonn, Germany / Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden / Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
2016 (English)In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 134, no 4, p. 489-503Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The private sector’s role in climate finance is increasingly subject to political and scientific debate. Yet there is poor empirical evidence of private engagement in adaptation and its potential contribution to the industrialised countries’ mobilisation of USD 100 billion of annual climate finance from 2020 onwards to support developing countries to address climate change. This paper analysed 101 case studies of private sector adaptation under the Private Sector Initiative (PSI) of the UNFCCC Nairobi work programme, and examined these against ten ‘adaptation finance criteria’ that were distilled from UN climate negotiation outcomes. Results show that private adaptation interventions complement public adaptation activities. Yet the ten adaptation finance criteria are not met, which demonstrates that the diplomatic UNFCCC conceptualisation of financing adaptation is dissonant from the private sector reality. For example, while the case studies’ investments are ‘new and additional’ to Official Development Assistance (ODA), their ‘predictability’ remains unclear. And despite some commitment for ‘up-scaling’, plans and associated costs for doing so remain undisclosed. Developed countries’ role in ‘mobilising’ private financial resources under the PSI seems limited. It is unrealistic to expect that the UNFCCC alters existing criteria to suit private initiatives, or that the private sector aligns its initiatives to meet existing criteria. This paper advocates monitoring and reporting only of those private investments that principally finance adaptation. This practical way forward would allow private finance to meet criteria such as predictability, transparency, and mobilisation, but would drastically reduce the amount of private investment that could contribute to reaching the USD 100 billion climate finance target.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 134, no 4, p. 489-503
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Economic Geography Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145559DOI: 10.1007/s10584-015-1539-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-145559DiVA, id: diva2:1187929
Available from: 2018-03-06 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-04-13Bibliographically approved

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