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Combining electronic structure and many-body theory with large databases: A method for predicting the nature of 4 f states in Ce compounds
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6159-1244
Los Alamos Natl Lab, Inst Mat Sci, Los Alamos, NM 87545 USA..
Los Alamos Natl Lab, Theoret Div, Los Alamos, NM 87545 USA..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1714-0942
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2017 (English)In: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 1, no 3, article id 033802Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent progress in materials informatics has opened up the possibility of a new approach to accessing properties of materials in which one assays the aggregate properties of a large set of materials within the same class in addition to a detailed investigation of each compound in that class. Here we present a large scale investigation of electronic properties and correlated magnetism in Ce-based compounds accompanied by a systematic study of the electronic structure and 4f-hybridization function of a large body of Ce compounds. We systematically study the electronic structure and 4f-hybridization function of a large body of Ce compounds with the goal of elucidating the nature of the 4f states and their interrelation with the measured Kondo energy in these compounds. The hybridization function has been analyzed for more than 350 data sets (being part of the IMS database) of cubic Ce compounds using electronic structure theory that relies on a full-potential approach. We demonstrate that the strength of the hybridization function, evaluated in this way, allows us to draw precise conclusions about the degree of localization of the 4f states in these compounds. The theoretical results are entirely consistent with all experimental information, relevant to the degree of 4f localization for all investigated materials. Furthermore, a more detailed analysis of the electronic structure and the hybridization function allows us to make precise statements about Kondo correlations in these systems. The calculated hybridization functions, together with the corresponding density of states, reproduce the expected exponential behavior of the observed Kondo temperatures and prove a consistent trend in real materials. This trend allows us to predict which systems may be correctly identified as Kondo systems. A strong anticorrelation between the size of the hybridization function and the volume of the systems has been observed. The information entropy for this set of systems is about 0.42. Our approach demonstrates the predictive power of materials informatics when a large number of materials is used to establish significant trends. This predictive power can be used to design new materials with desired properties. The applicability of this approach for other correlated electron systems is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 1, no 3, article id 033802
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Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343334DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.033802ISI: 000416568900002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-343334DiVA, id: diva2:1187067
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Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2018-03-02 Created: 2018-03-02 Last updated: 2018-03-02Bibliographically approved

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Herper, Heike C.Di Marco, IgorIusan, DianaEriksson, Olle
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